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Theory Of Knowledge TOK

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1 Theory Of Knowledge TOK


3 IB Hexagon

4 Nature of the Subject The TOK challenges students and their teachers to reflect critically on diverse ways of knowing and areas of knowledge, and to consider the role which knowledge plays in a global society. It encourages students to become aware of themselves as thinkers, to become aware of the complexity of knowledge, and to recognize the need to act responsibly in an increasingly interconnected world.

5 Nature of the Subject The TOK programme is composed almost entirely of questions. The most central of these questions is ‘How do I, or how do we, know that a given assertion is true, or a given judgment is well grounded?’ The questions have been grouped into four broad categories: Knowers and Knowing, Ways of Knowing, Areas of Knowledge and Linking Questions.

6 The TOK Diagram





11 Ways of Knowing and Areas of Knowledge
Language and Emotions History Methods of data collection Validity of sources Uniqueness as a body of knowledge Objectivity vs subjectivity

12 Aims Develop a fascination with the richness of knowledge, and an understanding of the empowerment that follows from reflecting on it Develop an awareness of how knowledge is constructed, critically examined, evaluated and renewed, by communities and individuals develop an understanding of why critically examining knowledge claims is important

13 Aims develop a critical capacity to evaluate beliefs and knowledge claims make interdisciplinary connections consider that knowledge may place responsibilities on the knower understand the strengths and limitations of individual and cultural perspectives

14 Knowers and Knowing Knowers and Knowing Nature of Knowing
Knowers and Sources of Knowledge Justification of Knowledge Claims

15 Ways of Knowing Perception Language Nature of Perception
Limitations of Perception Language Nature of Language Language and Knowledge Functions of Language Language and Culture

16 Ways of Knowing Reason Emotion Nature of Reason Reason and Knowledge
Strengths and Weaknesses of Reason Emotion Nature of Emotion Emotion and Knowledge

17 Areas of Knowledge Mathematics Definition of Mathematics
Mathematics and Reality Mathematics and Knowledge Claims

18 Areas of Knowledge Natural Sciences Definition of the Natural Sciences
Natural Sciences: Methods of Gaining Knowledge Natural Sciences and Knowledge Claims Natural Sciences and Values Natural Sciences and Technology

19 Areas of Knowledge Human Sciences Definition of the Human Sciences
Human Sciences: Methods of Gaining Knowledge Human Sciences and Knowledge Claims Human Sciences and Values

20 Areas of Knowledge History Definition of History
History: Methods for Gaining Knowledge History and Knowledge Claims History and Values

21 Areas of Knowledge The Arts Definition of the Arts
The Arts: Methods of Gaining Knowledge The Arts and Knowledge Claims The Arts and Values The Arts and Knowledge Perspectives

22 Areas of Knowledge Ethics Definition of Ethics
Ethics: Methods of Gaining Knowledge and Knowledge Claims Ethics and Values Ethics and Technology Ethics and Knowledge Perspectives Ethics and Politics

23 TOK Points TOK Points Points awarded for:
External Assessment: the Essay (1,200-1,600 words) on a Prescribed Title (40 points) Internal Assessment: the Presentation (approximately 10 minutes per student) (20 points) both are combined to give a total out of 60.

24 Sample Assessment Topics
A sample Essay Title: “We see and understand things not as they are but as we are.” Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing. Sample Presentation Topics: Plastic surgery Banning of videogames  Media and society

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