Presentation on theme: "Expert Systems An expert system is a computer program that is designed to hold the accumulated knowledge of one or more domain experts."— Presentation transcript:
1 Expert SystemsAn expert system is a computer program that is designed to hold the accumulated knowledge of one or more domain experts
2 Applications of Expert Systems PUFF:Medical system for diagnosis of respiratory conditionsPROSPECTOR:Used by geologists to identify sites for drilling or mining
3 Applications of Expert Systems MYCIN:Medical system for diagnosing blood disorders. First used in 1979DESIGN ADVISOR:Gives advice to designers of processor chips
4 Applications of Expert Systems DENDRAL: Used to identify the structure of chemical compounds. First used in 1965LITHIAN: Gives advice to archaeologists examining stone tools
5 Components of an Expert System The knowledge base is the collection of facts and rules which describe all the knowledge about the problem domainThe inference engine is the part of the system that chooses which facts and rules to apply when trying to solve the user’s queryThe user interface is the part of the system which takes in the user’s query in a readable form and passes it to the inference engine. It then displays the results to the user.
6 Why use Expert Systems?Experts are not always available. An expert system can be used anywhere, any time.Human experts are not 100% reliable or consistentExperts may not be good at explaining decisionsCost effective
7 Problems with Expert Systems Limited domainSystems are not always up to date, and don’t learnNo “common sense”Experts needed to setup and maintain system
8 Legal and Ethical Issues Who is responsible if the advice is wrong?The user?The domain expert?The knowledge engineer?The programmer of the expert system shell?The company selling the software?
9 Expert Systems on the Web decisionscript/examples.htm