Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byZoe O'Hara Modified over 4 years ago

1
**II. Describing Motion Motion Speed & Velocity Acceleration**

Ch. 3 & 4 Motion & Forces II. Describing Motion Motion Speed & Velocity Acceleration

2
**Newton’s First Law Newton’s First Law of Motion**

An object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by a net force. motion constant velocity net force

3
**A. Motion Problem: Is your desk moving? We need a reference point...**

nonmoving point from which motion is measured

4
**A. Motion Motion Change in position in relation to a reference point.**

5
A. Motion Problem: You are a passenger in a car stopped at a stop sign. Out of the corner of your eye, you notice a tree on the side of the road begin to move forward. You have mistakenly set yourself as the reference point.

6
**v d t B. Speed & Velocity Speed rate of motion**

distance traveled per unit time

7
**B. Speed & Velocity Instantaneous Speed speed at a given instant**

Average Speed

8
**B. Speed & Velocity Problem:**

A storm is 10 km away and is moving at a speed of 60 km/h. Should you be worried? It depends on the storm’s direction!

9
**B. Speed & Velocity Velocity speed in a given direction**

can change even when the speed is constant!

10
**t a C. Acceleration Acceleration the rate of change of velocity**

vf - vi t Acceleration the rate of change of velocity change in speed or direction a: acceleration vf: final velocity vi: initial velocity t: time

11
**C. Acceleration Positive acceleration “speeding up”**

Negative acceleration “slowing down”

12
**t d v D. Calculations d = 100 m v = d ÷ t t = 20 s**

Your neighbor skates at a speed of 4 m/s. You can skate 100 m in 20 s. Who skates faster? GIVEN: d = 100 m t = 20 s v = ? WORK: v = d ÷ t v = (100 m) ÷ (20 s) v = 5 m/s You skate faster! v d t

13
**t a D. Calculations a = (vf - vi) ÷ t t = 3 s**

A roller coaster starts down a hill at 10 m/s. Three seconds later, its speed is 32 m/s. What is the roller coaster’s acceleration? GIVEN: vi = 10 m/s t = 3 s vf = 32 m/s a = ? WORK: a = (vf - vi) ÷ t a = (32m/s - 10m/s) ÷ (3s) a = 22 m/s ÷ 3 s a = 7.3 m/s2 a vf - vi t

14
**t d v D. Calculations v = 330 m/s t = d ÷ v d = 1km = 1000m**

Sound travels 330 m/s. If a lightning bolt strikes the ground 1 km away from you, how long will it take for you to hear it? GIVEN: v = 330 m/s d = 1km = 1000m t = ? WORK: t = d ÷ v t = (1000 m) ÷ (330 m/s) t = 3.03 s v d t

15
**t a D. Calculations t = ? t = (vf - vi) ÷ a t = (0m/s-30m/s)÷(-3m/s2)**

How long will it take a car traveling 30 m/s to come to a stop if its acceleration is m/s2? GIVEN: t = ? vi = 30 m/s vf = 0 m/s a = -3 m/s2 WORK: t = (vf - vi) ÷ a t = (0m/s-30m/s)÷(-3m/s2) t = -30 m/s ÷ -3m/s2 t = 10 s a vf - vi t

16
**E. Graphing Motion slope = speed steeper slope = straight line =**

* 07/16/96 E. Graphing Motion Distance-Time Graph A B slope = steeper slope = straight line = flat line = speed faster speed constant speed no motion *

17
**E. Graphing Motion Who started out faster? A (steeper slope)**

Distance-Time Graph A B Who started out faster? A (steeper slope) Who had a constant speed? A Describe B from min. B stopped moving Find their average speeds. A = (2400m) ÷ (30min) A = 80 m/min B = (1200m) ÷ (30min) B = 40 m/min

18
E. Graphing Motion Distance-Time Graph Acceleration is indicated by a curve on a Distance-Time graph. Changing slope = changing velocity

19
**E. Graphing Motion acceleration slope = +ve = speeds up**

Speed-Time Graph acceleration +ve = speeds up -ve = slows down slope = straight line = flat line = constant accel. no accel. (constant velocity)

20
**E. Graphing Motion Specify the time period when the object was...**

Speed-Time Graph Specify the time period when the object was... slowing down 5 to 10 seconds speeding up 0 to 3 seconds moving at a constant speed 3 to 5 seconds not moving 0 & 10 seconds

Similar presentations

OK

Physics! Motion and Forces Chapter 2 & 3 (Write down wHite writing)

Physics! Motion and Forces Chapter 2 & 3 (Write down wHite writing)

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google

Ppt on image compression standards Ppt on dispersal by water Ppt on subsoil investigation Ppt on environmental sanitation Ppt on internet services download Ppt on face recognition technology using matlab Ppt online open house Ppt on cross site scripting internet Ppt on statistics for class 11th Store design and display ppt online