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Lesson 4 What is an Adverb?
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. MODIFIES Explorers eagerly chase adventure ADVERB VERB
What is an Adverb? An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. MODIFIES Some explorers visit amazingly beautiful places. ADVERB ADJECTIVE MODIFIES Others quite bravely explore the unknown— space. ADVERB ADVERB
What is an Adverb? Adverbs answer the questions: how? when? where? to what extent?
What is an Adverb? Adverbs How? suddenly, carefully, sadly When? now, later, soon Where? there, up, ahead To what extent? completely, totally, fully
What is an Adverb? Adverbs can appear in different positions in sentences. The tourists boarded the bus eagerly. (after verb) The tourists eagerly boarded the bus. (before verb) Eagerly, the tourists boarded the bus. (at beginning)
What is an Adverb? Adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs usually come directly before the words they modify. They usually answer the question to what extent. MODIFIES Marco Polo told really wonderful tales of China. MODIFIES People were very eager to hear his stories. MODIFIES They nearly always hung on every word.
What is an Adverb? Forming Adverbs Many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ly to adjectives. Sometimes a base word’s spelling changes when -ly is added.
What is an Adverb? QUICK-FIX SPELLING MACHINE: ADVERBS ADJECTIVERULEADVERB near Add -ly. nearly gentle Drop the e and add -ly. gently easy Change y to i and add -ly. easily
Why It Matters in Writing Use adverbs to record what you observe in science.
Why It Matters in Writing Notice how one scientist used adverbs to record details about the behavior of spiders. Professional Model The spider can remain perfectly still for hours, waiting for its prey. When an insect does accidentally stumble into the web, the spider can move swiftly, injecting poison rapidly into its prey and wrapping it tightly in spider silk.
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