On the Sidewalk Bleeding
by Evan Hunter
Characterisation Characterisation is the process by which the author reveals the personality of a character. Characterisation is revealed through direct characterisation and indirect characterisation. Direct Characterisation tells the audience what the personality of the character is. Example: “The patient boy and the quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.” Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children. The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet”.
Characterisation Indirect Characterisation shows things that reveal the personality of the character. There are five different methods of indirect characterisation= S.T.E.A.L! Speech What does the character say? How does the character speak? Thoughts What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings? Effect of character on others/How others feel about the character How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to this character? Actions What does this character do? How does this character behave? Looks What does this character look like? How does this character dress? Etc.
Method of Characterization
Examples from the text What the examples reveal about the character’s character Speech Thoughts Effect on others—how others behave in reaction to the character Actions Looks
Themes Describe and explain each of these themes in the text, giving specific examples/details to support your answer: Conflict Appearance versus reality Loss Prejudice
Features/Techniques Key features of short stories include:
‘Slice of life’ Twist endings Left to draw your own conclusions Some of the key techniques used in this story include: Dialogue Repetition Stream of consciousness / Third person limited narrative POV Short sentences Find at least 3 examples of each of these techniques in the text.
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