Presentation on theme: "Literary Elements in “Charles”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Literary Elements in “Charles” BY Shirley Jackson
2 Short Story Elements Characters Setting Point of View Plot Conflict ThemeMood
3 CharacterizationCharacterization is the creation and development of people in a story.It is a process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character.Characterization is revealed through direct characterization and indirect characterization.As we continue to read “Charles”, we learn more about the characters.
4 Direct vs. Indirect Characterization Direct Characterization tells the audience what the personality of the character is.Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl did not disobey their mother.Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children. The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.”Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of a character. Remember STEALSpeech- What does the character say?Thoughts- What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings?Effect- How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?Actions- How does the character behave?Looks What does the character look like? How does the character dress?
5 Characters…A character is a person (or animal) in a literary work that takes part in the actionProtagonist: The leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional textAntagonist: a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary
6 Static Characters Dynamic Characters Characters that do not change throughout the course of the narrativeA static character does not go through a transformation or learn an important life lessoncharacters that change throughout the course of the narrativea dynamic character experiences a transformation and/or learns a valuable life lesson.
7 Flat Characters Round Characters characters that are two-dimensional and are relatively uncomplicatedusually a side-kickoftentimes included in fiction as comedic reliefcharacters that display multiple character traitsa complex charactera character the audience know a lot abouta relatable character
8 SettingIn works of narrative, the literary element setting includes the historical moment in time and location in which a story takes placeHelps initiate the main backdrop and mood for a story.What is the setting in “Charles”?
9 Point of Viewthe point of view is the narrator's position in relation to the story being told1st person: The narrator is in the storyEX: I woke up that morning and wanted to buy some ice cream.3rd person: The narrator is an outsider telling the storyEX: He woke up that morning and wanted to buy some ice cream.From what point of view is “Charles” being told? How can we tell?
10 Making InferencesA logical assumption about information based on ideas that the writer suggestsbut does not state directly.“Reading between the lines”Connect to your own experiencesand ideas.