2 Defining Direct and Indirect Characterization Direct Characterization tells the audience what the personality of the character is like.Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of the character. There are 5 different methods of indirect characterization.STEAL
3 Indirect Characterization - STEAL SpeechWhat does the character say? How does the character speak?ThoughtsWhat is revealed through the characters private thoughts and feelings?Effect (on others toward the character)What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?ActionsWhat does the character do? How does the character behave?LooksWhat does the character look like? How does the character dress?
4 4 methods to determine characterization What the author him/herself tells usWhat the character doesWhat others tell us about the characterWhat the character tells us about him/herselfDetermine if these 4 methods are reliable or unreliable and explain. Direct or indirect?
5 How reliable is characterization? Actions and authorial comments are more accurate than self-assessment.A character may be dishonest or deluded; likewise, other characters may bring their own personal feelings to their judgments.Direct vs. indirect characterizationDress, speech= authorial comment
6 Light in August Chapter 1 Direct – page 25 – “Lena tells her story again with that patient and transparent recapitulation of a lying child…”What does this say about her character?Indirect- page 6-Her brother said about Lena, “He called her a whore”Lena thought to herself, “If it had been this hard to do before, I reckon I would not be doing it now”“From beneath a sunbonnet of faded blue…” (page 11)What do each of these reveal about Lena?
7 Character Analysis - Lena Pay attention to the character’s ethics/moralsLena tells Martha the truth, “ I told you false about being married”sneaking out of the window and got pregnant.
8 Character Analysis - Lena Decide whether the characters actions are wise or unwiseBarefoot and pregnant walking for days to find a guy that obviously left her.
9 Character Analysis - Lena What is the real motivation of the character?To find Lucas Burch; wants her family together, “ I reckon a family ought to all be together”
10 Character Analysis - Lena Consider the effects of the character’s behaviors on other characters.Look for repeatedly used words that describe the character.Stubborn (page 6 and 21)
11 Character Analysis- Lena Be aware of items associated with the characterOld shoes, cloth bundle, palm leaf fan, shapeless faded blue garment
12 Character Analysis- Lena Read between the linesIs the character round or flat?Consider the historical period of the characterWhat does the author think? How do you know? (page 25)