Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Personal Health Lesson 1 Your Teeth, Skin, and Hair"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 6 Personal Health Lesson 1 Your Teeth, Skin, and Hair Click for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 6 AssessmentTeacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.Next >>
2 Actions you take to improve or maintain your health hygiene Soft, colorless, sticky film containing bacteria that grows on your teethplaquefluorideA substance that fights tooth decayClick to reveal the definitions.epidermisThe thinner outer layer of the skindermisThe thicker inner layer of the skin
3 A cream or lotion that filters our some UV rays sunscreenacnedandruffcuticleA cream or lotion that filters our some UV raysA skin condition caused by overly active oil glandsThe flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cellsClick to reveal the definitions.A nonliving band of outer skin around fingernails and toenails
4 In this lesson, you will learn to recognize ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy.identify ways to take care of your skin.describe how to care for your hair and nails.apply the skills of advocacy to inform others about proper tooth and gum care.
5 Headings in this Lesson: Looking Your BestHealthy Teeth and GumsKeeping Teeth and Gums HealthyRegular Dental CheckupsHealthy SkinDealing with AcneHealthy HairProblem Hair and Hair ProblemsYour NailsPredictingRead the major and minor headings in this lesson. Write a sentence about the kind of advice you think will be given for each heading.
6 Caring for your appearance includes paying attention to hygiene. Looking Your BestCaring for your appearance includes paying attention to hygiene.hygiene The actions you take to improve or maintain your healthYour hygiene and resulting appearance affect all three sides of your health triangle.Good hygiene makes you feel good about yourselfYou are more confident around othersGood hygiene keeps your bodyhealthyMental/Emotional HealthSocial HealthPhysical Health
7 Your teeth make it possible for you to chew and grind food. Healthy Teeth and GumsYour teeth make it possible for you to chew and grind food.Your gums anchor your teeth in your mouth and keep them in place.Your teeth aid in forming certain speech sounds. Your teeth help shape and give structure to your mouth.
8 Tooth decay begins with the formation of plaque. Tooth and Gum ProblemsTooth decay begins with the formation of plaque.plaque A soft, colorless, sticky film containing bacteria that grows on your teethThe germs in plaque cause bad breath. If left on the teeth, these germs combine with sugars to form an acid that causes tooth decay and gum disease.If plaque is not removed, it eventually hardens and becomes tartar.
9 Tooth and Gum ProblemsThe germs in plaque cause bad breath. If left on the teeth, these germs combine with sugars to form an acid that causes tooth decay and gum disease.
10 Keeping Teeth and Gums Healthy The three things you can do to prevent teeth and gum problems are brushing, flossing, and eating right.When you brush, use a toothpaste that contains fluoride.Brushing cleans the teeth, removes plaque, and stimulates the gums.Flossing removes food particles and plaque from between the teeth and under the gum line that the toothbrush cannot reach. Flossing also helps to clean underneath braces.Limit foods that are high in the mineral calcium and low in sugar.fluoride A substance that fights tooth decay
11 Regular Dental Checkups You should get regular dental checkups twice a year.If your teeth need straightening, your dentist may refer you to an orthodontist.The dentist or dental hygienist will clean your teeth to help prevent tooth decay and gum disease.An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in correcting irregularities of the teeth and jaw.
12 Your skin is the biggest organ of your body. Healthy SkinYour skin is the biggest organ of your body.The two main layers of the skin are the epidermis and the dermis.The skin acts as a waterproof shield that defends the body against germs. It maintains body temperature and allows you to feel and sense pressure and temperature.epidermis The thinner outer layer of the skindermis The thicker inner layer of the skin
13 The most important part of skin care is cleansing. You should protect your skin with sunscreen.sunscreen A cream or lotion that filtersout some UV raysAs your body develops, sweat glands become more active. Bacteria can grow in areas where you sweat, such as under your arms. Washing sweat away keeps your skin clean and smelling fresh.The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause sunburn and wrinkles and can increase your risk of skin cancer. Avoid direct sunlight between the hours of 10:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M. Choose sunscreens with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.The sun’s rays are strongest between the hours of 10:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M.
14 Mild acne can be treated at home. Dealing with AcneMild acne can be treated at home.acne A skin condition caused by overlyactive oil glandsFor mild acne, wash your face with mild soap, but do not scrub too hard. Avoid squeezing pimples, which can leave acne scars on your skin. For serious cases, you may need to see a dermatologist. This is a doctor who treats skin disorders.For serious cases, you may need to see a dermatologist.
15 Your hair is made up of a substance called keratin. Healthy HairYour hair is made up of a substance called keratin.The roots of the hair are in the dermis and are housed in pockets called follicles.As new hair cells are formed, old ones are forced out.The part of the hair that you can see is the shaft. The shape of your hair shafts determines whether your hair is wavy, curly, or straight. Like living skin, hair gets its color from the pigment melanin.
16 Tips for maintaining healthy hair include: Hair CareTips for maintaining healthy hair include:Wash regularly with a gentle shampoo and conditionerLet hair dry naturally or use a hair dryer on low heatAvoid styling irons and high heat.Brush regularlyStyling irons and high heat from hair dryers make hair brittle and faded. Brushing or combing daily removes dirt and helps spread natural scalp oils down the hair shaft.
17 Problem Hair and Hair Problems Common conditions include:Dry scalpOily scalpDandruffHead licedandruff The flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cellsDry scalp and oily scalp can be corrected by choosing the right shampoo.Washing your hair regularly can control dandruff. If that doesn’t work, try a dandruff shampoo.Head lice are tiny insects that live in the hair. They must be removed with a medicated shampoo. You will also need to wash all your bedding, towels, combs, brushes, and clothing.
18 Use a cuticle stick to push back the cuticle Your NailsTo keep nails healthy:Use a cuticle stick to push back the cuticleTrim your nails using a nail clipperCut your toenails straight acrosscuticle a nonliving band of outer skin around the fingernail or toenail
19 Use an emery board or nail file to round out the ends Your NailsTo keep nails healthy:Use an emery board or nail file to round out the endsNever bite your nailsPutting your fingers in your mouth to bite your nails can spread germs.
20 What I Learned Vocabulary What is plaque? Lesson 1 Review Plaque is a soft, colorless, sticky film containing bacteria that grows on teeth.
21 Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedRecall Between what hours are the sun’s UV rays strongest?They are strongest between 10:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M.
22 What I Learned Explain What are two ways to treat acne? Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedExplain What are two ways to treat acne?Sample answer: Washing your face with soap and avoiding stressful situations are two ways to manage acne.
23 Lesson 1 ReviewThinking CriticallyHypothesize What can happen to your teeth and gums if you do not floss regularly?Food and plaque left on the teeth can cause toot decay, gum disease, and eventually tooth loss.
24 Lesson 1 ReviewThinking CriticallyCompare In what ways are hair and nails similar? How are they different?Hair and nails are both made of dead cells and grow out of the dermis. They require different types of care.
25 Chapter 6 Personal Health End of Lesson 1 Your Teeth, Skin, and Hair Click for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 6 Assessment