Presentation on theme: "Cracking the Free Response in AP Macroeconomics and Microeconomics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cracking the Free Response in AP Macroeconomics and Microeconomics Patricia BrazillCo-Chair, Macro Test DevelopmentIrondequoit High SchoolRochester, NYSandra WrightMicro Test DevelopmentAdlai Stevenson High SchoolLincolnshire, IL
2 How to help students move beyond prescribed questions or previously asked FRQs… Emphasize the concepts and skills so they know how to drive the AP Econ Car and read the Map (FRQ Questions) so that no matter what question is asked they can rely on their knowledge of how to drive and read the map to go where ever the question asks…
3 The FRQ in both exams is worth 1/3 of the test Grade
4 Each Exam cut score changes 2010 Macro53% 3 or above
6 Instructional planning report You want your students FRQs to exceed average scores!
7 Advice from Chief Reader When answering the Macroeconomics or Microeconomics free response questions, a student should respond clearly and concisely. Including paragraphs or even full-sentence responses is not always necessary; however, it is important to address the verb prompts appropriately (as explained below). A written response that presents conflicting answers is likely to lead to the loss of points.
8 Verbs: What do students need to do? “SHOW” means use a diagram (graph). Correct labels are critical!“EXPLAIN” means to take the reader through all the steps or linkages in the line of reasoning. Often a formula or graph will work.“IDENTIFY” means provide a specific answer, a list, a point on a graph, without explanation“CALCULATE” means use math to determine a specific numerical answer and show work
9 Good news from 2012 Macro Correctly drawn and labeled AD/AS models Correctly drawn Production Possibilities modelShowing a recession on a PPF
10 Good news from Macro 2011 Content Areas: Foreign Exchange Market Fiscal Policy Effect on AD
11 Bad News from 2011 Less than ~25% of Students Correctly Answered Content Areas:The Mechanics of Money CreationCategories of UnemploymentClassical Adjustment to Recession
12 Bad News from 2012 Macro General Content Areas: Money and Banking Real vs. Nominal DistinctionInternational Economics
13 Good News from Micro 2011 Determining Pe and Qe on a Monopoly graph Firm Graph in PC marketPrice ceiling on a PC market graphFinding Allocative Efficienct Quantity when an externality exists
14 Bad News from Micro 2011 Elasticity Consumer surplus when price discriminationPC Labor market graphsfinding DWL when externality exists
15 Good news from Micro 2012 Monopoly Graph Marginal Revenue and Demand CurvesProfit Max Quantity where MR = MCPrice on Demand Curve above Q*Finding Total Utility by Summing MUIdentifying Domestic Production Level in Situation with Imports and a Tariff
16 Micro Trouble Spots9. Optimal Consumption Rule 7. Effect of Subsidy on Quantity Produced 6. Effect of Lump-Sum Subsidy on Deadweight Loss5. Tariff Revenue4. Value of Consumer Surplus3. Cross-price Elasticity2. Effect of Price Increase on Total RevenueSurplus-maximizing TariffSpecial Mention: Labels!
17 What you can do to help your students… Ask students to show their work for calculation problems.They should include both the formula used and the numbers used in their calculations. This will help you find the errors in their thinkingGO BACK TO THE BASICS AT THE END OF THE COURSEUse the notes from the Chief Reader (Scoring plus Samples and CommentaryUse your Instructional Planning Report from College BoardTeach the VERBAGEGRAPH GRAPH GRAPH!!!!!Score FRQs from a grid
18 What should students do? Take frequent timed FRQ TESTS -Short FRQs are 12 minute questionsTeach students to grade from rubricMini white boards – look at their models!Sidewalk chalk – muscle memoryPresentations of Macro and Micro 1 to class
19 Macro models students must know Production PossibilitiesSupply and DemandAggregate Supply and Demand with vertical Long Run Aggregate SupplyPhillips CurveMoney Market ModelLoanable fundsCurrency market with simple Supply/Demand
20 Micro Models Students Must know Production PossibilitiesSupply and Demand – Include tariffs, tax incidence, and world prices in your analysisPerfect Competition side-by-side graphsMonopolyMonopolistic CompetitionPayoff matrix in Game TheoryLabor market – side by side graphsMonopsony