Presentation on theme: "Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet"— Presentation transcript:
1 Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet Section 1Chapter 8
2 Focus QuestionsHow is the Executive Office of the President organized?What is the role of the vice presidentHow does the cabinet help carry out the work of the executive branch?
3 Executive Office of the President The Executive Office of the President is made up of the White House staff, the National Security Council, the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of economic Advisers, and the National Economic CouncilThe vice president has also taken a key role in helping the executive carry out work
4 Executive Office of the President White House StaffNot until the Civil War did Congress appropriate funds for the president to hire White House personal staffThis staff now is the presidents personal staff and close advisersThe White House chief of staff manages all White House staff and controls access to the president
5 Executive Office of the President White House StaffThe people under the chief of staff are separated into area– national security issues, domestic policy, speechwriting, relations with Congress, press secretaryPresident Harding hired the first speech writer and that signaled the end of presidents writing their own speeches
6 Executive Office of the President White House StaffThe scheduling and Advance Office plans presidential trips, which includes exact timings of arrivals, setting up motor cades, and even television cameras at the engagements
7 Executive Office of the President National Security CouncilThe National Security Council was set up in 1947 (help coordinate departments that deal with national security)The CIA and departments of defense had not worked much together and this would helpThe National Security Advisor (appointed by the President) heads the NSCThe NSC is now part of the president’s staff
8 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and BudgetThe Office of Management and Budget is key tool for influencing agencies (budget requests come through this agency)The OMB can withhold money from a program the president feels in ineffective
9 Executive Office of the President Council of Economic AdvisorsCouncil of Economic Advisors is set up to give expert economic advice to the presidentThey work with several other White House staff in advising the president
10 Executive Office of the President National Economic CouncilBill Clinton formed this council in 1993Their main goal is to coordinate economic policy in the same way the National Security Council advises on foreign policyThe Council monitors and advises the president on trade and industrial technology
11 Executive Office of the President The Vice PresidentThe Constitution states that the vice president presides over senate and is first in line for succession to the presidentIn the past vice presidents did not have many other dutiesRecently presidents have given their vice presidents an active role in and responsibility for specific policy
12 The CabinetIn addition to the Executive Office of the President, there are 15 cabinet departmentsThe heads of these departments are called secretariesThe Attorney General is an exception to that rule as he is the head of the Department of JusticeCabinet departments are divided into units that perform the actual work of the governmentBefore the growth of the Executive Office of the President– the Cabinet was the president’s main advisory body
13 The Cabinet Cabinet’s role is much less significant now The attorney general and the secretaries of defense, state, and treasury are still frequently consulted
14 The CabinetWhy do presidents rely so little on cabinet’s advise today?President’s rely more on White House staff adviceCabinet meetings are impractical and time consumingCabinet departments tend to be territorial (cabinet secretaries may offer advise that is beneficial to their specific areas of concern)
15 Focus QuestionsHow is the Executive Office of the President organized?What is the role of the vice presidentHow does the cabinet help carry out the work of the executive branch?