Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The President’s Administration

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The President’s Administration"— Presentation transcript:

1 The President’s Administration
Chapter 6 Section 3

2 Section 3 at a Glance The President’s Administration
The Executive Office of the President works closely with the president to determine domestic, economic, and foreign policy. The role of the vice president has grown a great deal. Nine vice presidents have had to assume the title of president when the position became vacant. Over the years, the Cabinet has increased in size, and presidents have varied in how much they rely on the Cabinet for counsel.

3 The Powers of the Presidency
Main Idea The president leads a large team of people who help carry out the duties of the office. This team includes a staff of advisers, the vice president, and members of the Cabinet. Reading Focus What is the Executive Office of the President, and what are its duties? How has the role of the vice president changed over time? What is the Cabinet, and how does it work with the president?

4 The President’s Staff

5 Executive Office of the President
President’s administration includes all working for executive branch Most are career employees; at top are presidential appointees, who change when new president elected Many belong to Executive Office of the President, including White House Office staff, National Security Council, Council of Economic Advisers Formation of EOP Relatively recent organization Expansion of president’s staff began with Theodore Roosevelt Franklin Roosevelt created new programs, agencies during Great Depression of 1930s 1939: Executive Office of President authorized by Congress Most members nominated by president, confirmed by Senate EOP members often most influential people in administration

6 The White House Office Heart of EOP Duties of Chief of Staff
President’s key personal, political staff Most work in White House or Old Executive Office Building President determines size of staff Chief of Staff manages staff Role varies president to president Duties of Chief of Staff Oversee president’s personal secretary, legal counsel Directs Congressional relations, Cabinet relation teams Deals with presidential mail, appearances, other members of staff Manages speechwriters, press secretary, communications staff The Chief of Staff is the primary presidential adviser who controls all access to the president and helps map political strategy.


8 National Security Council
National Security Council coordinates security with top military, foreign affairs, intelligence officials Created 1947 in reaction to Cold War rivalry with Soviet Union Activities coordinated by national security adviser appointed by president Council of Economic Advisers Created 1946, Council of Economic Advisers provides expert analysis of economy Studies how trends, events may affect economic policy, how policy affects economy Three members nominated by president, confirmed by Senate Publishes annual Economic Report, study of economy after president submits budget The OMB Office of Management and Budget develops federal budget, oversees execution Gathers information, sets policies on government finances, purchases Largest in EOP, more than 500 employees; headed by appointed director confirmed by Senate

9 The Vice President The Vice Presidency The Early Vice Presidency
Only other elected official in president’s administration Three major duties: presiding over Senate; opening, counting electoral votes; serving as president if president unable to serve—9 have done so The Early Vice Presidency 1800s: role did not amount to much 2nd place in presidential voting became vice president 1804: 12th Amendment required separate ballots Candidate can help balance ticket Early Vice Presidency {continued} The few formal duties pleased some, troubled others Jefferson: A more tranquil and unoffending station could not be found. Garner: the spare tire on the automobile of government The Modern Vice Presidency Since 1970s, presidents rely more heavily on vice presidents to make policy, carry out programs Have own staffs, more interaction Vice president’s office close to Oval Office in West wing


11 The Cabinet Organization of heads of executive departments, known as secretaries Executive departments responsible for carrying out laws, administering programs, making regulations Main task of each department head to formulate, carry out president’s policies As Cabinet, secretaries act as advisory body to president; nominated by president, confirmed by Senate

12 Separation of Powers The Cabinet’s History The Cabinet Today
Duties outlined by Article II of Constitution Chief executive Chief administrator Commander-in-chief Foreign policy leader Chief agenda setter The Cabinet Today Nearly four times as large as first cabinet 16 official cabinet positions, including vice president Other high-ranking officials like chief of staff may be invited to join cabinet Some presidents rely more heavily on Cabinet than others.

13 Vocabulary Administration The group of people who work for the executive branch under a specific president Executive Office of the President The organizational structure that helps manage the executive programs and agencies White House Office A central office of the Executive Office of the President in which many key assistants and deputy assistants to the president work Chief of Staff The person who manages the White House Office

14 Vocabulary National Security Council An executive office that brings together the top military, foreign affairs, and itelligence officials to coordinate U.S. national security. Council of Economic Advisers An executive office that provides the president with expert analysis of the economy Office of Management and Budget An executive office that helps develop and implement the federal budget and to oversee its execution by the agencies in the executive branch Executive Departments Department within the president’s administration that are responsible for carrying out laws, administering programs, and making regulations in their particular area of responsibility

Download ppt "The President’s Administration"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google