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Objectives Present overview & contrast different models of case management: broker, clinical, strengths based clinical Identify roles of engagement & collaboration.

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Presentation on theme: "Objectives Present overview & contrast different models of case management: broker, clinical, strengths based clinical Identify roles of engagement & collaboration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strengths-Based Clinical Case Management: Moving Beyond Service Brokering to Care Collaboration

2 Objectives Present overview & contrast different models of case management: broker, clinical, strengths based clinical Identify roles of engagement & collaboration in clinical case management Identify salient SW characteristics to promote effective engagement & collaboration Identify key components & the significance of strengths-based care collaboration for child welfare

3 Overview: Case Management vs. Clinical Case Management
Case management: Coordination, integration and allocation of individualized care within limited resources Clinical case management: SW forms alliance with client to ensure that services received are congruent with client need Thornicroft, G. (1991). The concept of case management for long-term mental illness. International Review of Psychiatry, 3, Kanter (1989).

4 Models of Case Management
Broker Model Clinical Case Manager Model Strengths-Based Care Collaboration Model

5 Broker model Role of social worker: Assumptions of model:
Specific functions include assessment, planning, linking to services, monitoring and advocacy. Serves as the link between the client and community resources Provides very little direct service to client Assumptions of model: Needed services are available and client will utilize them voluntarily While this traditional model of case management links clients to resources, it neglects the relational component of social work and assumes little advanced training. For a critical review of the broker case management model, see: Huxley, P. (1993). Case management and care management in community care. British Journal of Social Work, 23,

6 Clinical Case Manager Model
Role of Social Worker: Relationship Focus: Provide conversation and direct counseling regarding client’s concerns Engage with client to ensure that interventions address problems as understood by the client Help the client link to both formal resources (e.g. community service providers) and informal resources (e.g. family, friends). Provide support and treatment over an extended period Assumptions of model: Collaboration with client, family and formal and informal service providers will increase the appropriateness of interventions and the likelihood that client will follow through with services For a discussion of clinical case management, please see: Kanter, J. (1989). Clinical case management: Definition, principles, components. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 40(4),

7 Strengths-Based Care Collaboration Model
Model combines clinical model with recognized value of collaboration & strengths- based orientation Role of Social Worker Recognize and engage client strengths Interventions focused on empowering client and family Enhance client opportunities for growth, education and skill development Assumptions of Model: The relationship between the social worker and client is critical to growth Community, family, and cross-agency partnerships are sources of valuable resources For more information on the strengths model, consult: Mary, D., Rapp, C.A. & Carlson, L. (2001). The experts speak: The critical ingredients of strengths based case management. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 24(3), For comparisons of the models, see: (1) Mueser, K.T., Bond, G.R., Drake, R.E. & Resnick, S.G. (1998). Models of community care for severe mental illness: A review of research on case management. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 24(1), 37-74; (2) Solomon, P. (1992). The efficacy of case management services for severely mentally disabled clients. Community Mental Health Journal. 28, ; (3) Walsh, J. & Holton, V. (2008). Case management. In K.M. Sowers and C.N. Dulmus (Eds.), Comprehensive Handbook of Social Work and Social Welfare, Vol. 3. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons; (4) Zigura, S.J. & Stuart, G.W. (2000). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of mental health case management over 20 years. Psychiatric Services, 51(11),

8 Care Collaboration Model (CCM)
Key Components Use of self and empathy Focus on Agency Collaboration Matching client’s felt need with agency resources

9 Care Collaboration Model cont’d
Relationship as context Abuse or neglect occurs in the context of a relationship To assess strengths & challenges in family, social worker must be aware of and use relationship skills like engagement & collaboration.

10 Care Collaboration Model cont’d
Social Worker Characteristics Commitment to client Aware of need for care continuity Maintaining empathy, honesty, flexibility Respect for confidentiality Keeping a non-judgmental attitude

11 How this approach helps children and families
Relationship skills are essential to effective SW practice Although child welfare practice limits time spent with clients, time is used to greatest benefit by SW with well-developed engagement & collaborative skills Successful social worker-client alliance is associated with successful service outcomes, as client is more likely to complete services when trust is established (Howe, 1998). Service approach based on an understanding of the client’s situation and tailored to the client’s needs and strengths is more likely to result in an improvement in psychological and social wellbeing ( Huxley, 1993).

12 How this approach helps children & families, cont.
Strengths-based care collaboration goes beyond service brokering and/or individual child and family meetings to support the child and family in multiple facets of life, including home, school and community. A social worker alone will not accomplish this level of support, but results can be achieved through building relationships with clients, parents, family members, and service agencies, as well as with communities.

13 How this approach helps children & families, cont.
Promote an alliance with children and their families that foster positive relationships in their lives, by: Listening to the child’s, parents’, and family members’ perceptions of the issues and problems Listening to and working with family members and/or other caring adults Partnering with community organizations and other agencies & advocating for the child and family as needed Saint-Jacques, M., Drapeau, S., Lessard, G. & Beaudoin, A. (2006). Parent involvement practices in child protection: A matter of know-how and attitude. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 23(2),

14 Further Activities This curriculum will be offered in a series of units Activities will be developed to increase student capacity to engage with children, families, and others and to develop collaborative skills. These will likely include: Suggested role plays Group collaboration tasks Scenarios with question sets Vignettes

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