# College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 1 Definition of Force Drawing the Force Dimensions and Units of Force Tension.

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College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 1 Definition of Force Drawing the Force Dimensions and Units of Force Tension Elastic Force Gravity Normal Force Friction Drag Pulleys

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 2 Force That which causes a particle to accelerate. It is a vector! Knight’s Definition A force … is a push or a pull on an object. It is a vector. It has both magnitude and direction. It requires an agent. Something does the pushing or pulling. It is either a contact force or a long-range force (gravity).

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 3 Force, like any vector is drawn as an arrow with the symbol or magnitude and units. The tail of the force is placed on the part of the object that is experiencing the force. In a free-body diagram, the tail is placed on the point representing the particle. The direction of the force and its magnitude are determined by the type of force it is.

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 4 Force The SI unit of force is the Newton (abbreviated as N). One Newton is the same as one kilogram-meter per second squared. Another unit of force is the pound.

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 5 Tension The magnitude of the tension is the same everywhere in the rope.

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 6 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Tension If an object that is experiencing the force is pulling but not stretching another object On the object that is experiencing the force at the point where the pulling occurs Determined using Newton’s Second Law Toward the center of the object being pulled (rope, wire, etc.) No associated energy

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 7 Spring Force

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 8 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Spring Force On the object experiencing the force where it connects to the object that stretches/compresses Toward the center of the object that stretches or away from the center of the object that compresses Elastic Potential Energy If an object that is experiencing the force is stretching (or compressing) another object

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 9 Gravity

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 10 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Gravity or At the center-of-mass of the object receiving the force or Toward the center of mass of the other massive object Gravitational Potential Energy If there are two massive objects present

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 11 Gravity (near the earth’s surface) m Mass of the earth6x10 24 kg Radius of the earth6.375x10 6 m

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 12 Normal Force m N m N w

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 13 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Normal Force or If an object touches the surface of another object On the object receiving the force at the point(s) where it touches the surface Determined using Newton’s Second Law Perpendicular to the surface and from the object exerting the force to the object experiencing it No associated energy

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 14 Friction m N f Direction of motion or possible motion m N f

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 15 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Friction or If an object touches the surface of another object On the object receiving the force at the point(s) where it touches the surface or In a direction that opposes the motion or the possibility of motion Thermal Energy

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 16 Drag D

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 17 Name of Force Symbol When does this force occur? Where does this force occur? Magnitude Direction Associated Energy Drag If an object is moving through a liquid or gas. On the object receiving the force at the point(s) where it touches the liquid or gas In a direction that opposes the motion Thermal Energy

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 18 Pulleys Pulleys simply change the DIRECTION of a force. T T

College and Engineering Physics Types, Directions and Magnitudes of the Forces 19 This is the last slide. Click the back button on your browser to return to the Ebook.

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