Presentation on theme: "and useful expressions."— Presentation transcript:
1 and useful expressions. Modal verbsand useful expressions.
2 Modal verbs are paired up with infinitives to express something else Tener + que + Infinitive (used when you have to do something)Tener + ganas de + Infinitive (used when you feel like doing something)Hay que + Infinitive (to express that something has to be done)Ir + a + Infinitive (to say that you are going to do something)
3 Tener + que + Infinitive To express when a person has to do something (an obligation) say tener que…and follow it with a verb in the infinitive. Conjugate only tener.Tengo que escribir I have to write.Pedro tiene que comer. Pedro has to eat.Nadia y yo tenemos que limpiar.Nadia and I have to clean.
4 Ejercicios Tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tienen. 1) He has to clean his room._____________________________2) You (formal) have to study._____________________________3) We have to exercise.__________________________4) They have to cook._____________________________
5 Tener + ganas de + Infinitive To say that a person feels like doing something say tener ganas de… and follow it with a verb in the infinitive. Only conjugate the verb tener.Tengo ganas de estudiar. - I feel like studying.Ella tiene ganas de bailar.-She feels like dancing.Nosotros tenemos ganas de comer.We feel like eating.
6 Ejercicios 1) I feel like singing.___________________________ 2) You (inf.) feel like sleeping.__________________________3) She feels like writing.____________________________4. Yolanda and Oscar feel like dancing.___________________________
7 Hay + que + InfinitiveHay que + Infinitive is used to express the idea that someone has to do something or that it is necessary that someone has to do something. There is not a subject in this expression.Ejemplo:Hay que limpiar la casa.One must clean the house.The house must be cleaned.It is necessary to clean the house.
8 Ejercicios 1) It is necessary to study._____________________________ 2) One must study.____________________3) It is necessary to eat._______________________________4) One must sleep.____________________
9 Ir + a + InfinitiveTo express that someone is going to do something use the conjugation of Ir and add “a” and a verb in the infinitive.Trinidad va a cocinar. (Trinidad is going to cook.)Yo voy a caminar. ( I’m going to walk.)Karina y yo vamos a viajar a Perú.(Karina and I are going to travel to Perú.)Eliza y tú van a dormir. (Eliza and you are going to sleep.)
10 Ejercicios Voy, vas, va, vamos, van. 1) I am going to swim.__________________2) Patricia is going to run._______________________________3) Ernesto is going to read.______________________________4) You (inf.) and I are going to go to the school.____________________________
11 Two verbs in a rowWhenever you have two verbs in a row only conjugate the first one and leave the second one in the infinitive form.Norma needs to swim.Norma necesita nadar.We should travel.Nosotros debemos viajar.
12 I want to eat lunch.Quiero almorzar.She needs to study for her test.Ella necesita estudiar para el examen.We want to write a poem.Queremos escribir un poema.
13 Ejercicios 1) I can dance._______________________ 2) She wants to eat.___________________3) We should study tonight.____________________________4) You (inf.) need to clean._____________________________5) I want to speak in Spanish.___________________________