Similar presentations

General form of a rights-based claim:
The Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress State Obligations Yvonne Donders Amsterdam Center for International Law.
A Human Rights Approach to the Benefits of Scientific Progress Audrey R. Chapman, Ph.D. University of Connecticut School of Medicine July 26, 2010 AAAS.
Street Law Chapter 1 What is Law.
The Rights of Non-Citizens
Proactive Interventions: Incorporating a Children’s Rights Approach
Human rights protection and the European Union
Human rights exploration
Sources Of Human Rights
HUMAN RIGHTS Right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health Heather Payne-Drakes.
Right to an Effective Remedy:
International Legal Instruments
Human Rights What are they?.
 Fundamental Rights for Pakistanis are aimed at overturning the inequities of past social practices.  Guarantee that all citizens can and will lead.
SESSION TWO Human rights and responsibilities and international refugee law.
The Four Waves of Human Rights
 Addressed by the Declaration of Independence (“All men are created equal”) and by the 14 th Amendment (citizenship and equal protection of the laws).
Human Rights The basic rights and freedoms to which all human beings are entitled.
The European Social Charter The European Social Charter sets out rights and freedoms and establishes a supervisory mechanism guaranteeing their respect.
Charter of Rights and Freedoms: Overview The Charter protects several rights and freedoms The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of Canada’s.
DEFINITION HUMAN RIGHTS are the rights that all people have by virtue of being human beings. HUMAN RIGHTS are derived from the inherent dignity of the.
Sustainable Development
Theme: Basics of administrative law.
Hangzhou International School
Article 1: Right to equality
1 African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights. 2 African Charter One of four regional human rights agreements Adopted 1981; entered into force 1986 All.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Social Justice & Human Rights
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Legal Instruments to Promote and Protect Linguistic Rights.
Socio-economic rights from ‘hopes on stilts’ to levers for social justice? IDS Social justice and development lecture series 20 September 2011 Prof. B.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Chapter One (Section One)
Human Rights & Business in Kenya. Agenda 1.What are Human Rights? 2.Why are Human Rights important to Business? 3.Human Rights Challenges in Kenya 4.Group.
Manager ethics Human rights Slovak University of Technology Faculty of Material Science and Technology in Trnava.
Human Rights` An Overview International Relations Fall, 2014.
Grade 11 Law B. Hergott The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: An Introduction.
ECONOMICAL AND SOCIAL RIGHTS. Economic, social and cultural rights are socio-economicsocio-economic human rights, such as the right to education, right.
Human Rights Human rights are the rights of free existence because we are human beings. To advocate human rights is to demand that the dignity of all people.
Fundamental Political Principles (CE.2a) _____________________________________ - People are the source of any and all governmental power. _________________________.
Introduction to the Law and Legal System
Canadian Charter Of Rights and Freedoms Chapter 3.
Rights and Duties Successful Measures and Real Targets A Survival Pack for Active Citizens.
COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS. Main obligations Duty to respect (art.2) Duty to ensure (art.2) Duty to give effect to the provisions of the Covenant.
Civic Rights and Responsibilities
Economic and Social Rights from A Feminist Political Economy Perspective: An introduction Savi Bisnath, PhD International Consultant Visiting Scholar,
Constitutional Amendments. The Bill of Rights The promise of a bill of rights was key to ratification of the Constitution. Based on the Virginia Declaration.
Rights and Responsibilities
 The Charter was significantly inspired by documents such as the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights  Passed by the United Nations.
“ Welcome to Seminar 8: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights.
1 A human rights-based approach to law and policy-making.
The Constitution Why do people form governments?.
HUMAN RIGHTS GYANU POUDEL. INTRODUCTION The basic right or freedom to which all humans are considered to be entitled,often held to include the right to.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure.
Human Rights Unit 4D. Human Rights  what do you think of when they hear the words “human rights.”
Rights, Freedoms, and Responsibilities Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Slideshow adapted from “First Steps – a Manual for starting Human Rights Education” originally produced by Human Rights Education Associates “First Steps.
Rules of International Health Law. International Legal Provisions Universal Declaration of Human Righs 1948, Article 25: “Everyone has the right to a.
Canadian Charter Of Rights and Freedoms Chapter 3.
Sources of Our Rights -Written Documents Written documents include the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence and State Constitutions.
The Rights of Canadian Citizens. What is a right? A legal or natural entitlement to have something or to do something without interference from others.
THE HUMAN RIGHTS. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks.
Introduction to Human Rights The Human Rights Act and Human Rights Based Approaches.
What Are Human Rights? Why Do We Study Them? Jeong-Woo Koo Day 2.
Presentation transcript:


Five Primary Categories of Human Rights
Civil Rights Political Rights Economic Rights Social Rights Cultural Rights These five categories are classified in two groups of rights which can be found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (adopted in 1948) and were laid down in two legally binding international instruments, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR, adopted in 1966) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, adopted in 1966)

Practice shows that the different categories
of human rights have not developed at an equal level. Compared to civil and political rights, the categories of economic, social and cultural rights are less developed. This is partly due to the fact that economic, social and cultural rights have been seen for a long time as ‘secondary rights’ compared to civil and political rights

First Group: Civil and political rights (CPR)
Civil and political rights comprise the first portion of the Universal Declaration Of Human Rights almost more than half of the articles address civil and political rights. Civil and political rights (classic freedom rights) is a group of rights which are supposed to be immediately guaranteed by governments, protects the individual from the misuse of political power and recognize every individual’s right to participate in their country’s civil and political process without discrimination.

Is a personal liberties that belong to an individual, owing
Civil rights Is a personal liberties that belong to an individual, owing to his or her status as a citizen or resident of a particular country or community. Civil rights and civil liberties often mean the same thing. The words are frequently used to signify the protection of rights to liberty and equality under the constitution, such as freedom of speech, protection against unreasonable searches. The term civil rights is also used to refer to positive actions by the government to protect or extend the rights of people—to provide for individuals or groups opportunities that were previously denied to them.

Civil rights may include:
Ensuring peoples‘ integrity and safety Protection from private (non-government) discrimination (based on gender, religion, race, etc.) The right to equality in public places. Equal access to health care, education, culture, etc.

POLITICAL RIGHTS The second group in particular the right to freedom of opinion and expression; the right to peaceful assembly and to freedom of association; the right to take part in the conduct of public affairs; and the right to vote and to be elected.

Political rights include:
Natural justice (procedural fairness) in law (such as the rights of the accused, including the right of fair trial; due Process) Individual political freedom, including rights of the Individuals (freedom of thought and conscience, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, freedom of movement) The right to participate in civil society and politics (freedom of association, right to assemble, and right to vote)

Second Group: Economic, Social and cultural rights (ESCR)
Economic, Social and cultural rights comprise the second portion of the Universal Declaration Of Human Rights. Billions of women, men and children face deprivation levels of right to live with dignity. Hunger, homelessness and diseases are not only because of social problems or simply the result of natural disasters – they are a violation of people’s economic, social and cultural rights.

Access to justice is an essential right of victims of all
human rights violations, but many people around the world, particularly those living in poverty, have their rights violated on a daily basis and too often are denied justice when they try to challenge these violations. In many countries, economic, social and cultural rights are not recognized or enforceable by law. Existing remedies may also be ineffective in providing the maintenance of those rights, including compensation to the victims.

Economic, social and cultural rights protect an individual’s right to access economic, social and cultural aspects of their country; they now occupy an increasingly important place in the legal and political systems of different countries of the world. They are given much attention in the activities of the United Nations and other international organizations.

Economic, Social and cultural right includes:
The right to education, adequate housing, food, water, the highest standard of health, the right to work and rights at work, the cultural rights of minorities, right to social security, the right to protection of – and assistance to the family, mothers and children.