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CERIS-CNR IL PESO DELLINDUSTRIA AUTOMOBILISTICA SUL PIL, LOCCUPAZIONE E LINNOVAZIONE Giuseppe Calabrese Ceris - Cnr RILANCIARE IL RUOLO INNOVATIVO DELLINDUSTRIA.

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Presentation on theme: "CERIS-CNR IL PESO DELLINDUSTRIA AUTOMOBILISTICA SUL PIL, LOCCUPAZIONE E LINNOVAZIONE Giuseppe Calabrese Ceris - Cnr RILANCIARE IL RUOLO INNOVATIVO DELLINDUSTRIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 CERIS-CNR IL PESO DELLINDUSTRIA AUTOMOBILISTICA SUL PIL, LOCCUPAZIONE E LINNOVAZIONE Giuseppe Calabrese Ceris - Cnr RILANCIARE IL RUOLO INNOVATIVO DELLINDUSTRIA AUTOMOBILISTICA EUROPEA IN AMBITO TECNOLOGICO, ORGANIZZATIVO E DI QUALITÀ DEL LAVORO E IL RUOLO DI AVANZATE PRATICHE DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI Torino, 7-8 Marzo 2005

2 CERIS-CNR AUTOMOTIVE IN THE STOCK EXCHANGE Source: Yahoo

3 CERIS-CNR Source: Eurostat AUTOMOTIVE SPECIALISATION RATIO 2001 (EU-25 = 100)

4 CERIS-CNR Source: OCDE PERCENTAGE SHARE OF EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN AFFILIATES (1990s)

5 CERIS-CNR NEW REGISTRATIONS PC IN EUROPE Source: ACEA

6 CERIS-CNR % Greece150,9EU (15)7,6 Ireland86,6Finland2,4 Spain53,6Belgium2,2 Denmark50,8Italy- 2,2 UK27,8Germany- 2,5 Luxembourg25,5Netherlands- 3,7 Sweden14,9Portugal- 6,4 Austria7,9France- 12,8 Source: ACEA NEW REGISTRATIONS PC IN EU

7 CERIS-CNR AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTIONE ON GDP Source: OCDE

8 CERIS-CNR AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTIONE ON GDP Source: OCDE ITALY 3,4% 3,7% 3,8% 3,4% USA3,7% 3,7% 4,0% 3,3% FRANCE 6,1% 6,1% 7,6% 7,5% GERMANY7,4% 9,1% 11,2% 11,9% UK 4,5% 4,3% 3,7% n.a. JAPAN 9,7% 9,3% 7,3% n.a

9 CERIS-CNR AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTIONE ON GDP DIFFERENCE LOWHIGH GROWTH STABLE 2%6%16% - 4% 1% 13% Japan UK USA Italy Portugal Poland France Spain Sweden Germany Mexico Korea Slovak Czech Hungary Source: OCDE

10 CERIS-CNR TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AUTOMOTIVE Source: OCDE

11 CERIS-CNR % 1980-LAST Korea 291,6 Mexico 105,1 Portugal 33,3 Spain 24,6 Germany 24,2 Japan 15,9 USA 14,3 Sweden 12,7 France - 32,8 Italy - 52,8 UK - 57,2 Source: OCDE TOTAL EMPLOYMENT IN AUTOMOTIVE

12 CERIS-CNR AUTOMOTIVE EMPLOYMENT AUTOMOTIVE LABOUR COSTS CZECH REPUBLIC2,37% FRANCE1,14%1,34% GERMANY2,60%4,18% HUNGARY1,43% ITALY0,92%0,94% JAPAN1,43% KOREA1,76% MEXICO1,39% POLAND0,95% PORTUGAL0,46% SPAIN1,59%2,03% SWEDEN1,76%2,20% UNITED KINGDOM0,72% UNITED STATES0,67%1,17% Source: OCDE PERCENTAGE SHARE ON TOTAL

13 CERIS-CNR Source: OCDE LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY (value added on labour costs)

14 CERIS-CNR LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY (2002) (value added on labour costs) Source: OCDE

15 CERIS-CNR REAL CONTRIBUTION OF U.S. AUTOMOTIVE AUTOMOTIVE FILIERE - Assemblers and OEMs - Sub-suppliers - Spin-off effects DEALERSHIP - Assemblers and OEMs - Sub-suppliers - Spin-off effects TOTAL DOWNSTREAM EMPLOYMENT TOTAL MOTOR VEHICLE USE U.S. TOTAL EMPLOYMENT GRAN TOTAL ,6% 1,4% 2,0% 2,9% 9,8% Source: University of Michigan

16 CERIS-CNR R&D EXPENDITURES ON TURNOVER IN OECD COUNTRIES Source: OCDE

17 CERIS-CNR Source: OCDE R&D EXPENDITURES ON TURNOVER (1999)

18 CERIS-CNR R&D IN AUTOMOTIVE ON R&D IN TOTAL MANUFACTURING Source: OCDE

19 CERIS-CNR Source: OCDE R&D EXPENDITURE IN AUTOMOTIVE (2001)

20 CERIS-CNR FUEL CELL ASSIGNERS (2003) Source: DERWENT WORLD PATENTS INDEX

21 CERIS-CNR FUEL CELL PATENT APPLICATION BY INDUSTRY SECTOR Source: DERWENT WORLD PATENTS INDEX

22 CERIS-CNR CONCLUSIONS Measuring automotive as a generator of wealth instead of as a direct employer Improving continuing education of workers Balancing state reaserch budgets between research and development THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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