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Regionalism and Representation University of Warwick 04.26.2013 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation.

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Presentation on theme: "Regionalism and Representation University of Warwick 04.26.2013 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regionalism and Representation University of Warwick The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick

2 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick SARDINIAN CINEMA 1900s 1990s 1990s today Hetero-representation literary mediation crystallized stereotypes mythical vision of the island Self-representation first-hand experience critical awareness interpretation of modernity

3 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick

4 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Grazia Deledda Nobel Prize in Literature, 1926 sensational dramas world suspended in time adverse fortune Cenere (Ash) Febo Mari, 1916 Starring Eleonora Duse

5 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Cenere: Sardinian environments reproduced in the Apuan Alps and in studio At the foot of the Gennargentu mountains

6 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick La Grazia (The Grace) Aldo De Benedetti, 1929 Sardinian environments reproduced in the mountains of Central Italy and in studio Georges Sadoul Cenere: Sardinian landscape is the main character of the drama

7 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick 12 films based on the works of Grazia Deledda Proibito (Forbidden) Mario Monicelli, 1954 western genre style enforced exotic appeal

8 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Exotism depriving Sardinia of its true identity: wild-west scenary unexplored tropical islands futuristic worlds deserted wastelands Signor Robinson, Sergio Corbucci, 1976Deguejo, Giuseppe Vari, Missione Hydra, Pietro Francisci, 1966

9 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Sardinian cinema 1900/1990 Common traits influenced by Deleddas work: melodramas out of time ancestral world passionate loves sinful vision of religion inescapable fate outlaws shepherds women in black nuraghe Nuraghe: typical Sardinian tower-like architectures dated back to the 19 th century B.C.

10 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Banditi a Orgosolo (Bandits of Orgosolo) Vittorio De Seta, 1961 Time is measured according to seasonal migrations, the search for grazing and water. The soul of these people is still primitive. What is right to their law, its not in the modern world. The only things that matter to them are family and community bonds. Everything else is incomprehensible and hostile; even the State, embodied in the police and the prisons. Out of modernity, they only know rifles. The rifle is used to hunt, to defend oneself and also to attack. They can become outlaws over night, without realising it

11 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Martin Scorsese Bandits of Orgosolo: reveals an archaic and uncontaminated world, in which people speak an ancient dialect, living according to traditional rules

12 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Socio-political and cultural shift in Italy at the beginning of the 1990s: mani pulite and end of the Italian first republic neo-television emergence of young native authors in Sardinia New Sardinian cinema: shows the real Sardinian world from an internal perspective SELF-REPRESENTATION

13 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick Sardinian language as prominent identity-related theme due to: Sardinian is a neo-Latin language 1997: law for the preservation of linguistic minority rehabilitation through mass media integration within school curricula spreading in literary production refashioning of the local language multiple registers and geographical variations Use of Sardinian language at the cinema:

14 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick New Sardinian cinema: presence of an industrial and post-industrial economy agropastoral economy rise of the multicultural urban environments urban sub-proletariat bourgeois upper-middle class Bellas Mariposas, Salvatore Mereu, 2012 Jimmy della Collina, Enrico Pau, 2006 Tajabone, Salvatore Mereu, 2009 Dimmi che destino avrò, Peter Marcias, 2012

15 The Sardinia case: issues of memory and identity in the cinematographic representation of an island Antioco Floris, University of Cagliari Ivan Girina, University of Warwick


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