Presentation on theme: "Vicksburg Battle Siege of Vicksburg was fought in Mississippi on May 18th – July 4th, 1863."— Presentation transcript:
1 Vicksburg BattleSiege of Vicksburg was fought in Mississippi on May 18th – July 4th, 1863.
2 OVERVIEWWhere? MississippiWhen? May 18th – July 4th 1863Who? The Union and the Confederates fought in the battle. The Union won. The Union Army of Tennessee was Ulysses S. Grant. The commander of the Union Navy was Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter. The Confederate Army of Mississippi’s commander was Li. General John C. Pemberton. The commanders of the Confederate department of the West were General Joseph E. Johnston, and Confederate General Earl Van DornWhat? The Vicksburg Battle or The Siege of VicksburgWhy? It was fought over the Mississippi river, because it was a larger area of trade.How? The union surrounded and attacked the confederate defense line and made them surrender from lack of supplies.
3 Battle Statistics Union Confederate 77,000 soldiers 33,000 soldiers 4,835 killed or hurt9,000 killed or hurt
4 Ulysses S. Grant Was the 18th president of the United States Was a commander during the Civil WarUnder Grant’s command the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America.
5 David Dixon Porter He was advanced to the rank of (acting) rear admiral in command of the Mississippi River Squadron, which cooperated with the army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant in the Vicksburg campaign.
6 Li. General John C. Pemberton Influenced by his wife he resigned from the army and joined the ConfederationPemberton was appointed Lieutenant-General and received a few days later commanded the Department of Mississippi and eastern Louisiana with perhaps the most difficult burden of Confederation to defend Vicksburg.
7 Joseph E. JohnstonHe was a senior General Officer in the Confederate States Army during the Civil WarHe was criticized for his actions and failures in the Vicksburg Campaign
8 Earl Van DornHe was a Confederate General during the American Civil WarHe was noted for his defeats at Pea Ridge and CorinthHe was also noted for his death by a civilian in 1863
12 Importance Of The Siege Of Vicksburg With the loss of Pemberton’s army and the loss of the vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. It took 30,000 Confederates out of the Union, the confederates could not use the river, they were isolated to the west side of it until the end of the war, and it gave Grant the credibility to be promoted to General – in – Chief.