Presentation on theme: "The Mongol and Ming Empires. Mongols Nomadic people who lived in the steppes of Central Asia Under Genghis Khan, cast empire stretched from the Pacific."— Presentation transcript:
Mongols Nomadic people who lived in the steppes of Central Asia Under Genghis Khan, cast empire stretched from the Pacific ocean to Eastern Europe
Genghis Khan “World Emperor” Original Name: Temujin Strict Military discipline Highly trained armies Best horsemen in the world Known for fierceness: Massacred entire cities, but also could be very generous Conquered Asian steppe lands with ease
Mongolian Conquests Used cannons and other new weapons to attack walled cities. Strategies spread to Europe. Mongols dominated much of Asia.
Mongol Peace 1200-1300s: Pax Mongolica Mongols controlled Silk Road What was the Silk Road? Cultural Exchange increased Gunpowder and windmills spread to Europe
China under Mongol Rule Kublai Khan, Ghengis’ grandson, overthrew the Song Empire Wanted to prevent being absorbed into Chinese tradition: Mongols could serve in the military Highest government jobs for Mongols Named his rule the Yuan Dynasty
Marco Polo Italian Merchant who visited China during the Yuan Dynasty Left a vivid account of the wealth and splendor of China. His report sparked European interests in riches of Asia.
Ming Dynasty Yuan Dynasty declined after Kublai Khan’s death Most Chinese saw the Mongols as barbarians Ming rulers sought to reassert greatness in China after years of foreign rule
Ming reasserting Greatness Revived Confucian learning Repaired canal system Developed new technologies Revival of arts and literature
Zheng He First Chinese voyager Goal was to promote trade Explored Southeast Asia and India Voyages showed local rulers power of the Chinese
Video: You can’t but Genghis Khan What does the video tell you about the Mongols?