Presentation on theme: "Elements and Principles of Design"— Presentation transcript:
1 Elements and Principles of Design The Building Blocks Used to Create a Work of Art.By: Lorri Doubrava
2 Elements of DesignArtist use the following tools to express their ideas.Color ValueLines TextureShape and Form Space
3 Color is the element of art that is derived from reflected light. Color is what is perceived when different wavelengths of light hit the retina of the eye. Our brains interpret the reflected wavelengths as color.
4 Lines are linear marks with many characteristics. Some Characteristics –WidthLengthMovementPatternShading
5 Shape - an enclosed line. Although shapes may have height and width, they are usually flat (two-dimensional).Geometric shapes include squares, circles, triangles, rectangles , and ovals.
6 Forms are three-dimensional. Characteristics –HeightWidthThicknessTypesSphereConeCylinderCube
7 Value - the lightness or darkness of a color. Variations in value can create focal points and the illusion of depth.
8 Texture is the feel of a surface. Textures can be tactile (physical) or visual.Varying patterns of light and dark areas will help create texture.
9 Space is the area on which the artist works. Positive space is the object.Negative space is the voided area surrounding the object.Overlapping objects gives the illusion of space.
10 M.C. Escher is known for his drawings where there is no distinction between positive and negative spaces.
11 Principles of DesignThe different ways an artist uses the elements to create a unified work of art.BalanceContrastRhythm/MovementRepetitionEmphasisUnity
12 Balance is visual weight. Designers use balance to create stability or equilibrium in a work of art.Balance can be affected by the size and value of an object.
13 Symmetrical BalanceSymmetrical balance is achieved when all of the elements are of equal weight and are placed evenly on a page.
14 Asymmetrical BalanceAsymmetrical balance occurs when the objects on each side of the design are different. Asymmetrical balance can be achieved by skillful use of design elements, including value, color, and texture.
15 Radial BalanceRadial balance occurs when all of the elements radiate out from the center.
16 Contrast is the variation of elements in a design. Contrast creates excitement or interest in the design.Contrast can be achieved by a difference in size, color, texture, or shape.
17 Rhythm/MovementRhythm is the way your eye moves throughout a design or picture.Rhythm is created by the repetition of elements.
18 Rhythm/MovementRepetition of lines and forms can create optical illusions that cause our eyes to see movement.
19 Repetition Repetition is the repeating of elements. Add variation to your repetition in order to prevent monotony.
20 Emphasis Emphasis is drawing attention to main point. All elements can work together to direct your eye to the focal point.
21 UnityUnity is making all of the elements and principles work together to form a work of art.
22 SourcesSlide 1 -Slide 3 -Slide 4 -Slide 5 – Microsoft Clip ArtSlide 6 -Slide 7 -Slide 8 -Slide 9 -SlideSlide 12 – Microsoft Clip Art
23 Sources Cont.Slide 13 and 14SlideSlideSlide 17 and 18Slide 19 andSlide