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Elements and Principles of Design

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Presentation on theme: "Elements and Principles of Design"— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements and Principles of Design
The Building Blocks Used to Create a Work of Art. By: Lorri Doubrava

2 Elements of Design Artist use the following tools to express their ideas. Color Value Lines Texture Shape and Form Space

3 Color is the element of art that is derived from reflected light.
Color is what is perceived when different wavelengths of light hit the retina of the eye. Our brains interpret the reflected wavelengths as color.

4 Lines are linear marks with many characteristics.
Some Characteristics – Width Length Movement Pattern Shading

5 Shape - an enclosed line.
Although shapes may have height and width, they are usually flat (two-dimensional). Geometric shapes include squares, circles, triangles, rectangles , and ovals.

6 Forms are three-dimensional.
Characteristics – Height Width Thickness Types Sphere Cone Cylinder Cube

7 Value - the lightness or darkness of a color.
Variations in value can create focal points and the illusion of depth.

8 Texture is the feel of a surface.
Textures can be tactile (physical) or visual. Varying patterns of light and dark areas will help create texture.

9 Space is the area on which the artist works.
Positive space is the object. Negative space is the voided area surrounding the object. Overlapping objects gives the illusion of space.

10 M.C. Escher is known for his drawings where there is no distinction between positive and negative spaces.

11 Principles of Design The different ways an artist uses the elements to create a unified work of art. Balance Contrast Rhythm/Movement Repetition Emphasis Unity

12 Balance is visual weight.
Designers use balance to create stability or equilibrium in a work of art. Balance can be affected by the size and value of an object.

13 Symmetrical Balance Symmetrical balance is achieved when all of the elements are of equal weight and are placed evenly on a page.

14 Asymmetrical Balance Asymmetrical balance occurs when the objects on each side of the design are different. Asymmetrical balance can be achieved by skillful use of design elements, including value, color, and texture.

15 Radial Balance Radial balance occurs when all of the elements radiate out from the center.

16 Contrast is the variation of elements in a design.
Contrast creates excitement or interest in the design. Contrast can be achieved by a difference in size, color, texture, or shape.

17 Rhythm/Movement Rhythm is the way your eye moves throughout a design or picture. Rhythm is created by the repetition of elements.

18 Rhythm/Movement Repetition of lines and forms can create optical illusions that cause our eyes to see movement.

19 Repetition Repetition is the repeating of elements.
Add variation to your repetition in order to prevent monotony.

20 Emphasis Emphasis is drawing attention to main point.
All elements can work together to direct your eye to the focal point.

21 Unity Unity is making all of the elements and principles work together to form a work of art.

22 Sources Slide 1 - Slide 3 - Slide 4 - Slide 5 – Microsoft Clip Art Slide 6 - Slide 7 - Slide 8 - Slide 9 - Slide Slide 12 – Microsoft Clip Art

23 Sources Cont. Slide 13 and 14 Slide Slide Slide 17 and 18 Slide 19 and Slide

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