Presentation on theme: "ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH. ELECTION 1. DIFFERENT KINDS OF ELECTION general election – choosing a national parliament local election – choosing a local council."— Presentation transcript:
1. DIFFERENT KINDS OF ELECTION general election – choosing a national parliament local election – choosing a local council
by-election – choosing a new Member of Parliament (when the previous member has resigned or died) referendum – voting on whether to do something or not a referendum on abortion
2. PEOPLE WHO WANT TO BE ELECTED candidate stand for / run for - kandydować Shes decided to stand for the European Parliament. Hes running for president.
campaign manifesto - ??? slogan
SOME FAMOUS POLITICAL SLOGANS Yes we can U.S. presidential campaign slogan of Barack Obama 2012 ???
Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite The national motto of France with its origins in the French Revolution
Workers of the world, unite! A communist slogan from Karl Marxs Communist Manifesto
Nothing about us without us. Think global, act local.
3. THE PROCESS OF ELECTING vote for /against – głosować za /przeciw a vote – głos voter – wyborca
the electorate – all the people in a country who have the right to vote in an election constitutency - okręg wyborczy
polling station – lokal wyborczy ballot paper – karta do głosowania ballot box - ???
4. THE RESULT OF AN ELECTION count the votes – liczyć głosy elect – ??? re-elect - ??? get in / into - wejść do His ambition is to get into Parliament.
5. TYPES OF ELECTORAL SYSTEMS first-past-the-post pierwszy na mecie, ordynacja większościowa, dotyczy okręgów jednomandatowych used in: Great Britain, Australia, the USA, Canada, Japan Poland ???
Poland – since 2011 in election to/of: the Senate, the President of Poland, presidents/mayors of towns, heads of communes (prezydenci/burmistrzowie miast, wójtowie),
town councils of non-urban districts (without district rights) rad gmin w gminach nie będących miastami na prawie powiatu (tzw. powiatów grodzkich).
1. PARLIAMENTS AND THEIR MEMBERS What is a parliament? a group of people who discuss and make the laws of a country, the place where they meet
different countries different names parliament congress the National Assembly diet
Which countries do these parliaments come from? Bundestag Knesset Althing – the oldest (930 AD) Saeima Paremata Aotearoa Shura
Many parliaments consist of two parts: a lower house an upper house
NAMELOWER HOUSEUPPER HOUSE BritainHouse of CommonsHouse of Lords USAHouse of Representatives Senate GermanyFederal Diet (Bundestag) Federal Council (Bundesrat) ItalyChamber of DeputiesSenate Poland???
Member of Parliament (MP) – a person elected to Parliament Member of the European Parliament (MEP)
Speaker – the person who controls business in parliament seat – a place in parliament won in an election (miejsce, mandat)
WORKING IN PARLIAMENT sitting – a meeting of parliament an all-night sitting ??? - a series of meetings ??? - formal discussion
legislate – to make a law (uchwalać ustawę) ??? – ustawodawstwo
bill – a plan for a possible new law (projekt ustawy) act – ustawa the 2004 Act on Elections to the European Parliament
Political promises Political parties often make promises in their election manifestos. Match the verbs and the endings:
We are going to … o build o create o protect o reduce, fight o reduce, cut o provide crime, unemployment more houses, schools, hospitals, roads more jobs the environment better education, health care taxes