3 Parliamentary Governments Democratic systems where voters elect members to the Parliament (legislature).The Parliament has two Houses:1. House of Commons, whose members are chosen by the Political Party with the most votes in the House of Commons.2. The House of Lords, little power with most members being nobles having inherited their titles.
4 Parliamentary Government Cont. The Parliament selects a Prime Minister, who is the head of the Parliament which is the lawmaking body.Some parliamentary systems may have a head of state with little power, usually a king or queen.Example: United Kingdom
6 Presidential Government Democratic type of government where the head of state is called the President.The president is the symbol of the country and runs the day-today operation of the country.Voters elect (indirectly) the PresidentVoters elect legislatorsPresident does not make the laws; this is done by the legislature.Example: United States
8 Constitutional Monarchy Kings, queens, or emperors share power with elected legislatures.Generally the kings are nothing more than figureheadsThe government is a democratic one because the people vote for the legislature and it limits the power of the monarch.Examples of this system are Great Britain, Canada, and Australia
9 Comparison: Parliamentary and Presidential system
10 Comparison Presidential System Parliamentary system The government and members of parliament are elected in a single election.The Prime Minister is also a member of parliament.Parliament selects the Prime Minister.Prime Minister can dissolve ParliamentMembers of Parliament can vote to elect a new Prime Minister.The job of executive is split – Head of state has little power (may be a king, queen or president)Political parties enjoy strong position; opposition forms the most important controlPresidential SystemPresident and members of Congress are elected during separate elections.The president is not a member of Congress.President does not make laws.The President is head of State and chief executive.Congress cannot force the president out of office without cause. If the president commits a criminal offence then Congress can force the president out of office following a vote on impeachment and two-thirds-majority vote.Government and president are independent of each other (no vote of confidence and no right of dissolution)Political parties have less of a role (no party discipline)
11 Define each term below: Political SystemsDefine each term below:1.Unitary: central/national government has ALL power to make laws and decisions for the people. (U.K., France, Denmark)2. Confederation: local/state governments make own laws for themselves. Forms a weak central government.3. Federal: power to make laws is SPLIT between central government and state/local governments (United States)
12 How does each of the following governmental systems distribute or share power? Give a written explanation or draw a picture.UnitaryConfederationFederalcentral makes ALL lawscentral has ALL powerNO power for local/state gov’t-MOST power, laws made by local/state gov’t-Little power given to weak central gov’tPOWER SPLITCentral LocalConstitution defines the laws each level of gov’t can makeExamples:Central laws: voting age, national securityLocal: education, court systems, etc
13 Define each term:1. Autocratic: country governed by single person with UNLIMITED power2. Oligarchy: gov’t in which a few powerful/rich individuals rule3. Democratic: gov’t receives power from the people.“for the people and by the people”
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