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Politics in France The political system.

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Presentation on theme: "Politics in France The political system."— Presentation transcript:

1 Politics in France The political system

2 French Republic: the basics
Population: 66 million Constitutional republic Unitary state Semi-presidential system (President and a Prime Minister) First Past the Post (FPTP) electoral system with “Two-round” process Bicameral Legislature: National Assembly and Senate

3 5 Republics & 2 Empires First Republic was ended (1803) by Napoleon’s First Empire Second Republic was ended (1851) by Napoleon III’s Second Empire Third Republic was ended (1940) by German occupation Fourth Republic ( ) Fifth Republic (1958-Present)

4 Fourth Republic (1946 - 1958) Crises of the Fourth Republic
24 governments in 12 years

5 1958 Constitution Passed referendum which increased powers of the president

6 President of the Fifth Republic
directly elected by voters (since 1962) renewable term of 5 years (since 2000)

7 President’s power Head of state appoints prime minister
appoint ministers Can dissolve the National Assembly submit legislation to a referendum emergency power (up to 6 months) Commander-in-chief of the armed forces

8 The Prime Minister Is subordinate to the President except in those circumstances when the prime minister comes from a different party Under co-habitation, the powers of both leaders are equal Prime Minister is responsible for domestic affairs while President is commander in chief and deals with foreign affairs Prime Minister has same power as prime ministers in a parliamentary system (chooses cabinet), but needs to have support of the lower assembly and the President

9 Presidential elections
elected by absolute majority of votes no presidential candidate has obtained the absolute majority on the first ballot if no candidate wins majority in first ballot the top two candidates stand for election in a second runoff ballot impact on voter turnout (80% turnout in 2012 compared to 58% in 2012 U.S. election)

10 President & Prime Minister
President appoints and chooses prime minister and other ministers President chairs the Council of Ministers Prime minister has to harness parliamentary majority for presidential policies

11 Example of the Two-round system
French Presidential Election 2002 Round 1: Jacques Chirac: 19.88% Jean-Marie Le Pen: 16.86% Lionel Jospin: 16.18% Round 2: Jacques Chirac: 82.12% Jean-Marie Le Pen: 17.82% Jean-Marie Le Pen

12 President & Prime Minister
When president and the prime minister are from the same political party, the prime minister is subordinate to president Cohabitation president and prime minister from different political parties , ,

13 Legislature Power of parliament was restricted by the 1958 Constitution of the Fifth Republic Two houses (bicameral) National Assembly 577 members Senate 348 members

14 Parliament incompatibility clause bloc (blocked) vote
members of parliament have to give up their seats once appointed to a cabinet bloc (blocked) vote National Assembly have to vote either for or against the government’s draft as a whole cannot offer any amendments to the bill L’assemble Nationale

15 Senate Senators are indirectly elected by an electoral college
less than 150,000 people select senators municipal, departmental, and regional council members rural constituencies are over-represented Senate can initiate legislation

16 Senate Senate must consider all bills adopted by the National Assembly
if the two houses disagree government can appoint a joint committee to try to resolve the differences government can re-submit the bill to the National Assembly for a definitive vote


18 National Assembly elections
Single-member district 577 districts two-ballot system if no candidate wins a majority, a second ballot is held one week later any candidate winning at least 12.5% of the vote on the first ballot can run on the second incentives for parties to develop electoral alliances French presidential election, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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