2 LightMake a list of things that give us light. How many can you think of?
3 Light energy Light is form of _______ that you can _____. Light is on kind of _____________.Light comes from ______ different _______.Some items _______ light while others ______ light.seeradiant energymanysourcesproducereflect
4 Light Is it a producer or a reflector? Candle producer reflector Mirror producer reflectorSun producer reflectorFlashlight producer reflectorJupiter producer reflector
5 Light Name four other objects that produce light. fire lightning stars The sunlanternFirefliesLight bulbFlashlightslamplasercandles
6 Light Name four other objects that reflect light. The moon Metal Glass WaterMirrorsSnowFlashlights
7 How Does Light Travel? Light ______ in a __________. Can you think of some real-life examples of light traveling in a straight line?travelsstraight lineFlashlightLaserLamp
8 Reflection reflected absorbed Light can be ________ or ________ by a surface.When light is ________, it __________ that surface.Example: ________When light is _________, it is _______ by that surface.Example: __________Light is _________ off a surface in a special way.reflectedBounces offmirrorabsorbedtrappedYour bodyreflected
9 Light ReflectionThe angle at which light __________ a surface is the ________________.The angle of incidence is = to the angle of reflection.Example: When _____ strikes a ______ at a ____ angle, it is reflected at a ____ angle.reflects offangle of reflectionlightmirror4545
10 Reflected, Absorbed, or Transmitted? Light that _____________ matter is __________ by the material.If light is not __________, some of it is ________.If light is not __________ or ________, it is ________.passes throughtransmittedtransmittedreflectedtransmittedreflectedabsorbed
11 Reflected, Absorbed, or Transmitted? There are three types of materials:Transparent:Translucent:Opaque:light is transmitted (passes through)some light is transmitted, some is reflected and scatteredlight is absorbed (not transmitted or reflected)
12 Transparent, Translucent, or Opaque? Transparent Translucent Opaque
13 RefractionwaterWhen an object is placed in a glass of _____ it appears to be ________________________. This is because of light ________.Light changes ________ when it enters a new ________.A medium is any _________ through which a _____ is __________.Example: ____ is traveling from the overhead light bulbs through ___. When the _______ enters the cup of _____, it enters a new ________. This causes the _____ to change _________.broken or shifted to the siderefractiondirectionmediumsubstancewavetransmittedLightairlightwatermediumlightdirection
14 Refraction air fast Light in ___ travels ____. When light ___________, it changes ________.When light changes ________ or _____, it is called _________._________is caused by the change of the ____________ as it travels through different ________.watermore slowlyslows downdirectiondirectionbendsrefractionRefractionspeed of lightmediums
15 Speed of Light The speed of light is _____________________ That is the same as ___________________________________.This is how fast light travels in ___. When it enters a new ________ (like water), it slows down. The result is _________.186,000 miles per second7.5 times around the Earth in 1 secondairmediumrefraction
16 Speed of LightLight from the sun takes about 8 minutes to go 93 million miles to Earth. If you could drive to the sun at 60 mph it would take you 177 years! Light moves perfectly straight until something bends it.
17 Color of LightLight _______ in ______.travelswaves
18 Color of Light__________ is the measure of the number of ______ that pass by a given point in one second.Remember, ______ is one kind of _______energy.Radiant energy includes ______ of all different ___________ and ___________.When all the types of _____________ are arranged in ______, we have the _______________________.FrequencywaveslightradiantwaveswavelengthsfrequenciesRadiant energyorderElectromagnetic Spectrum
20 Color of LightInfrared: We often think of this as being the same thing as ‘heat’, because it makes our skin feel warm. In space, IR light maps the dust between stars.
21 Color of LightVisible: Yes, this is the part that our eyes see. Visible radiation is emitted by everything from fireflies to light bulbs to stars…also by fast-moving particles hitting other particles.
22 Color of LightUltraviolet: We know that the Sun is a source of ultraviolet (or UV) radiation, because it is the UV rays that cause our skin to burn! Stars and other “hot” objects in space emit UV radiation.
23 Color of LightX-rays: Your doctor uses them to look at your bones and your dentist to look at your teeth. Hot gases in the Universe also emit X-rays.
24 Color of LightGamma-rays: Radioactive materials (some natural and others made by man in things like nuclear power plants) can emit gamma-rays. Big particle accelerators that scientists use to help them understand what matter is made of can sometimes generate gamma-rays. But the biggest gamma-ray generator of all is the Universe! It makes gamma radiation in all kinds of ways.
25 Visible lightWe can only see one portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. That portion is called __________.What color is the light from most light bulbs?Although we see _____ light, it is actually made up of many ______.The colors of the spectrum are: __________________________________An easy way to remember these colors in order is __________visible lightwhitewhitecolorsred, orange, yellow, green, blue, violetROY G. BiV
26 Activity: Blending Light The primary colors of light are red, green, and blue.What happens if we mix them together?
27 ColorsIf light is made of all the colors of the spectrum, how do we see certain colors?Why do we see white, black, or red?
28 Colors Why we see white: All the colors of the spectrum strike the surface.All the colors of the spectrum are reflected to our eyes.
29 Colors Why we see black: All the colors of the spectrum strike the surface.All the colors of the spectrum are absorbed. (None are reflected)
30 ColorsWhy we see red:All the colors of the spectrum strike the surface.Red is reflected to our eyes.The rest of the colors are absorbed.
31 Colors Now try two on your own… Why we see yellow: Why we see green: All the colors of the spectrum strike the surface.Yellow is reflected to our eyes.The rest of the colors are absorbed.All the colors of the spectrum strike the surface.Green is reflected to our eyes.The rest of the colors are absorbed.
32 Summary Light can be ________ (__________) reflectedbounced offabsorbedtrappedrefractedbentseparatedcreates rainbow