Presentation on theme: "THE FESTIVALS OF THE CARIBBEAN PEOPLE"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE FESTIVALS OF THE CARIBBEAN PEOPLE SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIESGRADE: 9 RDATE: APRIL 20, 2015
2 OBJECTIVES TO BE ACHIEVED AT THE END OF THIS LESSON: IDENTIFY THE MAIN RELIGIONS OF THE CARIBBEAN PEOPLE AFTER VIEWING A TABLE OF CONTRIBUTIONSNAME AND DESCRIBE THE MAJOR FESTIVALS THAT CARIBBEAN AFTER VIEWING PICTURESSTATE ATLEAST FIVE REASONS THE PEOPLE OF THE CARIBBEAN CELEBRATE THESE SPECIFIC RELIGIONS AND FESTIVALS.
3 TABLE OF CONTRIBUTIONS FROM OUR ANCESTORS GROUPORIGINSYSTEMM OF LABOURINFLUENCESAmerindianIndigenous To The CaribbeanCommunal society; cooperative communitiesFamily – communal living and ownershipCraft – basket weaving and ceramic potteryFood – use of cassava, pepperpot, barbequeEuropeanEngland, France, Spain, Netherlands, PortugalColonized the Caribbean the 17th century and brought other Europeans as indentured servants.Architecture – great houses, plantations, fortificationsLanguages – English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, DutchReligion – Christianity (Roman Catholic and Anglican church)Sports – Cricket and FootballGovernment – parliament (Westminster model) and legal systemSociety – family structures, clothing, courtship and marriage customsEducation – school systems and structureAfricanWest AfricaForced migration; worked as slaves in the Caribbean from the 17th century until emancipation in 1834Traditional religions – Vodun, Orisha, Spiritual BaptistMusic – use of the drum, dancing, tuk band: this influences most Caribbean musical forms – calypso, reggae, cadence, zoukLanguage – story telling, Anancy storiesFood – cou-cou, use of ground provisionsFamily patterns – respect for elders, community living, central role of womenGames – warri, stick-lickingLanguage – dialects and Creole have many grammatical structures and intonations of the African languageAsianIndia ChinaCame as indentured workers from 1838 to 1917; recent migrants since 1950sCame as indentured workers in the 1850s; recent migrants since 1980sReligion – Hinduism and IslamFestivals – Hosei, Divali/Deepavali, Eid-al-Adha, Eid-al-FitrFood – roti, curry, doublesMusic – tassa tassa drum, chutneyLanguage – Hindi, UrduNew words in Caribbean English, e.g. rotiFood – chicken-in-the-rough, jerk chow meinRice production
5 EID-UL-FITREid ul-Fitr is a three-day Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid ul-Fitr falls on the first day of Shawwal, the month which follows Ramadan in the Islamic calendar. Traditionally, the festival begins when the first sight of the new moon is seen in the sky.During the festival of Eid ul-Fitr, Muslims celebrate the end of fasting, and thank Allah for the help and strength given to them throughout the previous month. Muslims celebrate by gathering with friends and family, preparing sweet delicacies, wearing new clothes, giving each other gifts and putting up lights and other decorations in their homes.Celebrated in Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana
7 EID-UL-ADHAAt the end of the Hajj (annual pilgrimage to Makkah), Muslims throughout the world celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice). In 2015, Eid al-Adha will begin on or around September 23rd, and will last for three days.The Muslims sacrifice animals namely sheep and cows so as to commemorate Ibrahim (Abraham) following the command of Allah’s (God) to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Issac).Mostly celebrated in Guyana
9 Easterthe most important and oldest festival of the Christian Church, celebrating the resurrection of Christ and held (in the Western Church) between 21 March and 25 April, on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the northern spring equinox.the weekend from Good Friday to Easter Monday.
11 ChristmasThe Christians celebrate the Birth of their Saviour and the Son of God Jesus on the 25th of December. People usually spread good cheer and give gifts so as to signify the spirit of Giving because God sent His Only Son to earth to give men a way to salvation and forgiveness.
13 Divali (Diwali)a Hindu festival with lights, held in the period October to November. It is particularly associated with Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity, and marks the beginning of the financial year in India.Indians celebrate with family gatherings, glittering clay lamps, festive fireworks, strings of electric lights, bonfires, flowers, sharing of sweets, and worship to Lakshmi. Some believe that Lakshmi wanders the Earth looking for homes where she will be welcomed. People open their doors and windows and light lamps to invite Lakshmi in.Celebrated in Guyana and Trinidad, sometimes in Jamaica in Kingston (last time was on the lawn of Kings House courtesy of the Indian Ambassador)
15 Holi (Festival of Colours) is a spring festival, also known as the festival of colours or the festival of love. It is an ancient Hindu religious festival which has become popular with non-Hindus in many parts of South Asia, as well as people of other communities outside Asia.Holi is also celebrated in Southern Clarendon and Kingston (Jamaica) through a party event called “COLOURS”. In addition, Holi is celebrated in Suriname, Guyana, Puerto Rico, and Trinidad and Tobago.