Aims: to remind you about RCA To help refine your skills To revisit JoHari
Why do RCA? encourage reflective practice and lifelong learning encourages use of evidence assess learning needs (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) identify learning opportunities help GPR to increase self-knowledge of their own strengths, weaknesses, and attitudes
The biggest advantage….. RCA provides opportunities to explore cases where the registrar does not recognise a problem, or where they may be avoiding having to deal with a problem. This obviously requires sensitivity on the part of the trainer.
Johari window Unknown Things I know about me Things I dont know about me Things others know about me Things others dont know about me Arena Facade Blind spot
Mechanics be in the right place protected time - no interruptions on first occasion, agree purpose and rules case selection should be random Listen and then respond - using the same skills that you would in a consultation Take notes – it makes the task easier
Mechanics 2 agree learning needs, negotiate a plan give feedback – reinforce good things, descriptive, constructive consider alternatives Practise alternatives build skills summarising - by you or by GPR attitudinal issues reversal of roles
You as the teacher are not expected to have all the answers - the need to look up the best evidence in order to answer a question provides a good role model. The difficulty with RCA is that any number of avenues can be followed up. The trainer has to be on his toes to spot problem areas of which the trainee may be unaware. Remember that the aim is to help the registrar construct their own knowledge you need to find out where they are at, and build on that
RCA profile Previous scales mapped for content areas New scale drawn up, piloted, and trainers surveyed Refined scale used to rate 2 groups of trainers – training in RCA makes a difference!
Use of RCA profile For trainers to analyse their own performance To provide a structure for giving feedback No reliability testing on scores – forget the numbers
Case-based discussion Registrar selects 3 cases and prepares them Trainer selects 2 to discuss Start with written record and then explore the GPRs professional judgement in the case in each of 10 domains
Case-based discussion Trainer records needs further development, competent or excellent for each domain Trainer makes recommendations for change Training for trainers happening soon!