Meetings are informal in style and begin and end with social conversation. Participants are expected to make a contribution, if only questions and not necessarily in their specialist area. It is not usual for everyone to be well prepared Even when papers are previously distributed they will not always be read. Lack of preparation does not inhibit the passing of opinion and judgement.
Overview Part 1 – some obvious statements about scale Part 2 – some recent areas of development Part 3 – some conclusions
Ohio State University People –55,233 students –4,522 faculty members –8,569 administrative and professional staff Programs –176 Undergraduate Majors –122 Programs Leading to the Master's –98 programs Leading to the Doctorate 2000/1
Ohio State University IT –Internet 2 –Distributes 1M emails a day (8 gigabytes) –1,350 modem lines –22,500 telephone lines, 14,000 lan outlets, 6,500 cable TV outlets, 82 miles copper cabling, 70 miles fibre, 11 miles TV coax cable –Learning technology Library –5.5 m volumes –46K serials –$13M materials budget –$13M salaries budget 2002 2000/1
Lever of collective action UK –Public funding –Great leverage from funneled funding –Visibility and national scope –Continuity between consensus making, funding and operational capacity US –Dispersed and intermittently connected consensus making, funding and operational capacity
Cyberinfrastructure report recommends: New INITIATIVE to revolutionize science and engineering research at NSF and worldwide to capitalize on new computing and communications opportunities –21st Century Cyberinfrastructure includes supercomputing, but also massive storage, networking, software, collaboration, visualization, and human resources –Current centers (NCSA, SDSC, PSC) are a key resource –Budget estimate: incremental $650M/year (continuing) Revolutionizing science and engineering through cyberinfrastructure:report of the NSF blue ribbon advisory panel on cyberinfrastructure Dan Atkins et al.
Components of CI-enabled science & engineering Collaboration Services Knowledge management institutions for collection building and curation of data, information, literature, digital objects High-performance computing for modeling, simulation, data processing/mining Individual & Group Interfaces & Visualization Physical World Humans Facilities for activation, manipulation and construction Instruments for observation and characterization. Global Connectivity Atkins report
Learning … it is likely that a large part of the student and teacher experience will be managed within a systems framework which manages the learning life-cycle and interfaces to multiple systems and services. Neil Mclean, pro-vice Chancellor e-learning and information services, Macquarrie University
All learning material produced by commercial suppliers, teachers and the community for UK Education will be available from shared repositories in a range of levels of granularity (content objects to courses). Teacher and learner will be active in the customisation of on line content Teacher and learner can select the most appropriate exemplar material from seemingly infinite choices of educational content. Teachers will not duplicate the production of existing material. Church and Jeyes, North Lincs College
Learning and libraries LMS is the learning habitat Need to surface information services there, folding them into the learning experience –Games, simulations, quizzez, … –Reading lists, reserves, … Value IMS, OKI
Directories Vocabulary Competency Metadata Repositories OrganizationsTraders Access Management MANAGE RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS CONTROL ACCESS AUTHENTICATE AUTHORISE AUDIT Procurement NEGOTIATE TRADE MAKE PAYMENT SEARCH Learner CreatorInfoseeker Repositories Assets Metadata Resource Utilizers DISCOVER REQUEST USE Presentation Mediation Provision People Agent RESOLVE Registries STORE EXPOSEMANAGESTOREEXPOSEMANAGE DELIVER (Query, Browse, Follow Path) ACCESS GATHER PUBLISH MANAGE ALERT EXPOSE
Research and learning Research and learning behavior is increasingly entering the network space Major institutional and programmatic investment in research and learning support Multiple technical and professional domains Raises interesting questions about service convergence and organizational support How to deliver service on demand within portals or user environments (Humanities and SS)
Repositories Manage –Special collections, cultural and scientific heritage, images, archives, … –Institutional intellectual output Learning objects/materials E-prints Research data ETDs …
Knowledge bank – OSU – in planning … the Knowledge Bank can be said to include the full array of digital assets and information services available to or being created by OSU faculty, staff, and students. The Knowledge Bank is envisioned both as a referatory providing links to digital objects and a repository capable of archiving the increasing volume of digital content created at OSU for long- term use, dissemination, and preservation. In this way, the knowledge bank will help the University exercise responsible stewardship of its intellectual assets while fostering the creation of new knowledge. April 26 2002. A proposal for the development of an OSU knowledge bank
Clash of Cultures Source: http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/clash
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy Supplementary Material Archives Source: http://msa.lib.ohio-state.edu/jmsa_hp.htm
Advanced Computing Center for the Arts and Design (ACCAD) Motion Capture Lab Source: http://www.accad.ohio-state.edu/mocap/mocap_info.htm
Institutional intellectual assets Reputation management –Interesting interaction between Devolved scholarly authority to contribute to discipline Managed university approach to asset and reputation management Curatorial responsibility to the intellectual record Enrich the discourse of scholarly communication –Surface rich resources –New opportunities for access, analysis, re-use
Digitization The virtual is the real Drive selective digitization. Developing body of best practice How to connect institutional activity with overall pattern? Developing apparatus to coordinate development (e.g. DLF/OCLC registry)
General repository issues Early in development stages –The expense of learning The Greenhouse effect? –Special funding Reallocation of internal costs? –Choice of priorities
General repository issues Processes and systems organized around a different logic Unique unpublished materials Serving Non-unique, published materials Consuming A complex service apparatus in place
General repository issues Is current vertical organization sustainable? What will be split out into third party services? –Harvesting –Metadata creation? –Digitization? –Serving? –Archiving? On campus and wider Economy and ecology of this wider environment under construction
General repository issues Long term ownership costs unknown Mission critical liabilities Balance between scholarly needs and management needs –Actuarial perspective –Ingestible –Secure the value of investment
Repositories – rights management Lock – first generation Levels and roles – second generation Renato Iannella
Portals All vogue words tend to share a similar fate: the more experiences they pretend to make transparent, the more they themselves become opaque. Zygmunt Bauman
Library portal How the library mediates the engagement of users and resources in a network environment
Delivery Request Environment directories Identity management Resolution Distributed query Harvesting data Resource 2Resource 4 Institutional repository Commercial resource Community repository Presentation Rights managemen t AnnotationNotification Terminology services Syndication V. Ref
Library portal Presentation Game, simulation, quiz, … Presentation Digital lab-book Presentation Exhibition Presentation Learning management system Presentation Grid portal? Presentation Disciplinary portal Presentation Personal or group portfolio
Service on demand – threads/channels Do a comprehensive literature search Find 20 most heavily used resources on.. Generate a reading list What general material can I get this afternoon on … Can you answer this question Can you recommend some starting points for.. Find commentaries on … Can I comment on this resource Can I create a reading list I need images of x which I can use for this purpose Who are the most cited authors on the web in x Can I look for engineering drawings, previous experimental design,…
Portals Supplier driven view … the wrong answer to the wrong question? Recombinant channels –Institutional or subject portal –Portfolio (configured to person, group, …) –Channels (surface in space of user) What is the role of directory services and portal utilities? Architecture?
Interoperability Recombinant potential –Disaggregating scholarly publishing Linking, Identifiers –Play learning objects Packaged –Federated searching Fusing metadata –Processing content Structured documents –Ingesting content –Surface service channels Examples –Can I add a document to a repository? –Can I add a repository to a distributed query? –Can I fuse metadata from one repository with another? –Metadata is not just for discovery (objects, services, organizations, policies, …)
Institutional organization (Neil Mclean) For the last decade, universities have been grappling with the growing complexities arising out of the pervasive influence of information and communication technologies. The underlying preoccupation has been with the means of managing the IT infrastructure supporting academic computing, administrative systems and library systems. Each domain has had its own particular challenges with issues of reliability and cost-effectiveness being constant themes. The growing interdependence of the various systems environments led to a focus on organisational restructuring as a solution to a range of political and functional problems.
Towards the end of the decade, it become apparent that organisational restructuring in itself was not the answer. Put simply, the bringing together of libraries, IT services, management information systems and (sometimes) flexible learning centres has not necessarily lead to better service outcomes. There have been many examples of tightly converged organisational structures which have failed to demonstrate noticeable changes in existing service cultures and, conversely, there have been examples of rather disparate organisational structures demonstrating highly innovative service solutions.
Organization Content management systems Learning content management Learning management Library system Manifold research repositories Manifold digital library systems Intranet/groupware/communica tions Enterprise data management Authentication/ authorization Directory Rights management Manifold portals
Environment In the shared network space we move from vertical organization around collection to horizontal organization around process and user need. There may be economies through –Removing redundancy –Cooperative processing –Creating a shared resource
Third party services Shared cataloging Directory services (services, users, rights, organizations, policies – e.g. ILL) Archiving services (e.g. Data Archive) Authentication (Athens) Resolution services? Hosting services Harvesting services
An environment is … A set of network services which work within particular technical and business constraints. –Jisc information environment –Portal –Intranet
Environments Needed to support research and learning Stretch services in new ways which cross organizational and institutional boundaries –On campus –Within wider groupings Multiple relationships
Conclusions – assist change JISC –Consensus making –Funding and frameworks –Operational leverage –National visibility and scope –Needs to sustain institutional ownership –Encourage institutional development
Conclusions - change US –Consensus making, funding, and operational activity more intermittently connected –More peaks – creative and productive local institutions –ARL, CNI, DLF, IMLS, NSF, Mellon, RLG, OCLC, …
Conclusions Engagement with the fabric of research and learning –Rich experience –Institution-building