URL is the currency of the web Synthesize-specialize-mobilize
The library and the library network Impact Systemwide efficiences Cat/Resource sharing Journal lit
The long tail Impact? Systemwide efficiences Aggregation of supply Unified discovery Low transaction costs Aggregation of demand Synthesize-specialize-mobilize
Libraries and the long tail dynamic Aggregate supply? 1.7% of circulations are ILLs Aggregate demand? 20% of collection accounted for 90% of use (2 research libraries over ~4 years) (60% of aggregate G5 collection owned by one library) Each reader his/her book Each book its reader
… to collaboratively sourced approaches Libraries Australia CRL Ithaka OCLC RLG DEF OhioLink California digital library JISC Google Scholar
highlow high stewardship uniqueness Books Journals Newspapers Gov. docs CD, DVD Maps Scores Special collections Rare books Local/Historical newspapers Local history materials Archives & Manuscripts, Theses & dissertations Research and learning materials ePrints/tech reports Learning objects Courseware E-portfolios Research data Freely-accessible web resources Open source software Newsgroup archives uniqueness
Print books Preservation turn: Cost of management and preservation of print collection? Mass digitisation: converting sharable materials to licensable materials? Mass digitization and off-site storage present similar issues: selection and shared capacity move to network level?
Licensed resources Libraries have selected from a published resource: scholarly record. A global knowledge base? Complete digital and print runs – at what level?
Digitized special collections Relevance to local research and learning needs? The biomedical question … Aggregation and higher level services … at what level?
Web Harvest and curate Integrity: Versioning and citation
Institutional research and learning outputs Differently motivated (coordinated asset management, scholarly communications, reputation management, disclosure, preservation,..) Domain specialties (high acronymic density) Diversity: big data, e-portfolios, learning materials, … Integrity: versioning and citation Special collections of the future?
Use Request Locate Discover Deliver Example: aggregate supply: transaction costs Each arrow is a potential added cost: In terms of attention or technical, policy, business or service gaps. Amazon? Google?
Challenges: find it? Discovery: Fewer unified resources? Metasearch? Where the user wants: RSS, search engine, CMS, …. Location: Service router Resolvers E-commerce sites Library Services on items
Challenges: find it? Request: Service router Place hold Place ILL request Initiate purchase request, …. Deliver: From multiple sources Shared physical and digital collections?
Locked within end to end systems where the ends are in the wrong places! Aggregate supply and demand at the network level. Gravitational pull and smooth working. Competition for attention.
Uncertainty about: Service lines Process model Service/product architecture