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Published byCarter Corcoran Modified over 4 years ago

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RADIANS Definition An arc of length r subtends an angle of one radian at the centre of a circle of radius r r Ø=1radian

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**Proof r How do you calculate the length of an arc? r = ø x 2πr 360º**

Ø=1radian How do you calculate the length of an arc? r = ø x 2πr 360º r = 1 radian x 2πr 360 º x 360 º 360r = 1 radian x 2πr ÷ r 360 º = 1 radian x 2π ÷ 2 180 º = 1 radian x π Or 180 º = π radians ÷ π 180 = 1 radian π so 1 radian is approximately…?

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**Converting between angles and radians**

Degrees = radians x 180 π Radians = degrees x π 180 So if ø is measured in radians Then ø radians = ø x π 180

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**How many different angles can you write as radians?**

2 180º = π radians

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**Arc Length r Angle in degrees Arc length = ø x 2πr 360º**

Ø=1radian Angle in degrees Arc length = ø x 2πr 360º Arc length = 2πrø 360º Factorise r Arc length = r 2πø 360º Divide by 2 Angle in radians Arc length = r πø 180º Arc length = rø

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**Area of Sector r Angle in degrees Sector area = ø x πr2 360º**

Ø=1radian Angle in degrees Sector area = ø x πr2 360º Sector area = πr2ø 360º Factorise r2 Sector area = r2 πø 360º Factorise out ½ Angle in radians Sector area = ½r2 πø 180º Sector area = ½r2ø

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Examples Convert 50° into radians 50° = ° x π rad 180 50° = rad

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**Examples Convert 2.7 radians into degrees 2.7 rad = 2.7 x 180 degrees**

π 2.7 rad = °

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**Examples Convert 40° into radians 40° = 40 x π 180 40° = 40π 180**

40° = 40π 180 40° = 2π radians 9

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**Calculate the arc length and sector area**

10cm 1.2radians Arc length = rө Arc length = 10 x 1.2 Arc length = 12cm Sector area = ½r2ө Area = ½ x 100 x 1.2 Area = 60cm2

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