3 Dramatic Structure Dramas follow a very basic plot structure. Conflict—a problem exists that characters must solveComplications—troubles get in the characters’ wayClimax—an action occurs that determines how the conflict will be resolvedResolution—the conflict is resolved and the action endsClimaxComplicationsConflictResolution
5 TragedyA tragedy is a play that depicts serious and important events, in which the main character comes to an unhappy end.The main character, or protagonist, is known as the tragic hero.The tragic hero is an admirable character. Sometimes he or she holds a high rank in society, such as king or queen.The tragic hero’s downfall may be due to a tragic flaw (a character weakness) or forces beyond his or her control.
7 Staging a Play: Scene Design To transfer the setting of the play from the written page to the physical stage, theater artists use the following:Set—the arrangement of scenery onstageLighting—the arrangement of lights onstageCostumes—clothing worn by the actorsProps—movable items that actors carry or handle
8 Staging a Play: Words and Action The conversations of characters onstage are called dialogue.A monologue is a long speech by a single character to other characters onstage.A soliloquy is a long speech in which a character who is alone onstage expresses private thoughts and feelings.An aside is a short comment given by a character to the audience or to another character but not overheard by others onstage.
9 Staging a Play: Words and Action Stage directions in the play’s text describe the setting and characters’ actions.SCENE 3. A street.Thunder and lightning. Enter from opposite sides CASCA and CICERO.from The Tragedy of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare; Act I, Scene 3Next day at 11 a.m. Higgins’s laboratory in Wimpole Street. It is a room on the first floor, looking on the street, and was meant for the drawing-room.from Pygmalion, by Bernard Shaw; Act II, Scene 1
10 What Have You Learned?Choose the word that best completes each sentence.stage directions monologue conflict tragedystage directionsmonologuetragedyconflict1. The _____________ is the problem that characters must solve.2. A _____________ depicts serious or important events.3. A _____________ is a long speech by a single character to other characters.4. The _____________ describe the setting and characters’ actions.