Presentation on theme: "A Lesson on the Elements of Drama"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Lesson on the Elements of Drama Literature and Composition
2 What is Drama?Drama is written to be performed by actors. The script consists of dialogue and monologue and stage directions.
3 Types of Plays… Comedy – a humorous play with a happy ending Tragedy – a play in which a hero suffers a major downfallDrama – a serious play, although the consequences are not as dire as those in a tragedy
4 Dialogue and Monologue Dialogue – a conversation between two or more charactersMonologue – a lengthy speech that one character addresses to others on a stage
5 What is this an example of ? ISMENE: Antigone, you are mad! What could I possibly do?ANTIGONE: You must decide whether you will help me or not.ISMENE: I do not understand you. Help you in what?
6 Monologue vs. Soliloquy A soliloquy is a long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stageA monologue is a speech by one character in a play, story, or poem. A monologue may be addressed to another character or to the audience.
7 AsideA speech directed to the audience that supposedly is not audible to the other characters onstage at the time.TYPE of monologue.EXAMPLE:Zack Morris on Saved by the Bell
8 Plot Plot – series of events Incidents in a story that shape the action and give the story a particular focus.Plot is not just what happens, but also how and why things happen the way they do.(Label the plot chart below!)
9 Conflict A conflict is a struggle between two opposing forces. Types: Internal – a character in conflict with himself or herselfExternal – a character struggles against an outside force
10 Structure of a DramaA dramatic text is divided into two sections, ACTS and SCENES.ACT – larger unit of a play. Nearly all Shakespearian plays have five acts.SCENE – smaller unit of a play. Multiple scenes are in each act.EXAMPLE: Act I, scene ii(First Act, second scene)
11 Now you try!Write a short script that includes dialogue and conflict. It can be a comedy or a tragedy. You must have at least 10 lines of dialogue. You can work with a partner!Be creative!