Presentation on theme: "Modelling studies for the SPARC Temperature Trends Sub-Group Keith Shine October 2005."— Presentation transcript:
Modelling studies for the SPARC Temperature Trends Sub-Group Keith Shine October 2005
What do we want? To develop a consensus understanding of the drivers of temperature trends Particular attention needs to be given to the time evolution of those trends Previous studies have been dominated by comparing linear trends and comparing annual-mean trends
Issues Coupled versus imposed (ozone) trends? ensembles? do we still need intercomparisons!? do we only use GCMs? (Parameter space, radiation schemes etc)
How? – various possibilities Relying on a small sample of models running fully resolved stratospheres aftercomparisons (e.g. Shine et al.) Intercomparisons of opportunity (CCMval – see Ulrikes talk, IPCC) Launching our own tight intercomparison exercise – no!
http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php 17-ish modelling groups doing climate of 20 th century (20C3M) runs with varying numbers doing other scenarios. Standard output for the 20C3M runs goes only to 10 hPa
Not all models include all forcings – I doubt whether any include imposed stratospheric water vapor, or solar driven ozone changes (Table from Santer et al. 2005, Science, Supp Material)
Hundreds of other diagnostic sub-projects including….
aftercomparisons Take available calculations by various groups with stratospheric resolution Advantage – little overhead on participating groups – they supply results from the calculations they have performed; fewer constraints means wider parameter space! Disadvantage – apples versus oranges
Recommendation we explore use of 20C3M and CCMVal runs otherwise we use literature review of available simulations