Presentation on theme: "WaterAid Tanzania Policy Programme Strengthening Design, Finance and Delivery of Water Supply and Sanitation Programmes under PRSPs February 2004 Kampala."— Presentation transcript:
WaterAid Tanzania Policy Programme Strengthening Design, Finance and Delivery of Water Supply and Sanitation Programmes under PRSPs February 2004 Kampala
Indicator: Proportion of households with access to safe drinking water (in rural and urban areas). Target: Raise the proportion of the rural population that has access to safe and clean water from 48.5 percent in 2000 to 55 percent in 2003. Initiative: Rehabilitation of malfunctioning water supply schemes, protection of water sources, and some expansion of new schemes (to be determined by local communities); The PRS and Water
There are no explicit references to : 1.Affordability 2.Time or distance to source 3.Sanitation indicators or targets 4.Water resources and water for livelihoods The PRS and Water - Some limitations
Public spending on water and sanitation Livelihood outcomes Analysing policy implementation Composition of spending Public provision of services Total consumption of services Budget Analysis Benefit Incidence Public Expenditure Review Expenditure Tracking Detailed impact studies Composition of service providers
Percentage of rural households using improved water sources Regional variation in access to improved water sources
Household use of water source by expenditure quintile for rural Tanzania
Anything with a tap was piped Household sizes larger for poorer quintiles Wealthier quintiles buy more water so unit subsidy greater Piped investments 10 times that of protected investments Equity and subsidies Piped and Protected Water Supplies
Restructuring of Input to Budget Guidelines - District water transfers Increase in rural water supply allocations Budget Guidelines 2004/5 2003/4 allocation Tsh 2004/5 allocation Tsh Rural17.3 bn52.5 bn Urban21.3 bn23.0 bn Implementation Capacity?
Budget Guidelines 2004/5… Pro-Poor Targeting - Piped versus protected investments? Sanitation Contentious sub-votes - Lake victoria, DDCA, Other Charges Comparing across sectors The 31% rise in overall ceiling for the water sector is matched by the following rises in other priority sectors; Education +10%, Health +35%, Judiciary +7%, Agriculture +25%, Roads +25%, HIV/AIDS +100% Foreign flexibility?
Time spent fetching water (to go, wait, collect and return home - Time spent fetching water (to go, wait, collect and return home - not necessarily dry season source)
From the National Water Policy: The new strategy, in conformity with ongoing reforms in the public sector, is for Government to change its role from being implementer to a regulator, facilitator and coordinator. Building Blocks From the PRSP: Reform of the public sector (including central and local Government), being supported under PRGF, PSAC-I, Public Service Reform Programme (PSRC) and by other initiatives supported by international partners
Main drinking water supply for households 1991-2000. (HBS)