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PRESENTATION TO THE WISA AFRICA WATER CONFERENCE 21 ST NOVEMBER 2007 AT ZAMBEZI SUN IN LIVINGSTONE.

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Presentation on theme: "PRESENTATION TO THE WISA AFRICA WATER CONFERENCE 21 ST NOVEMBER 2007 AT ZAMBEZI SUN IN LIVINGSTONE."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRESENTATION TO THE WISA AFRICA WATER CONFERENCE 21 ST NOVEMBER 2007 AT ZAMBEZI SUN IN LIVINGSTONE

2 MAP OF ZAMBIA

3 FORMAT OF PRESENTATION BACKGROUND POLICIES STRATEGIES TO ACCELERATE SERRVICE DELIVERY ACHIEVEMENTS SECTOR REQUIREMENTS CONCLUSION

4 BACKGROUND National Water Policy (1994) – basis for current Water Sector reforms in Zambia; Covering legal and institutional aspects. National Water Policy (1994) – basis for current Water Sector reforms in Zambia; Covering legal and institutional aspects.Outcomes UWSS – Commercialization of WSS Services (10 CUs) UWSS – Commercialization of WSS Services (10 CUs) Autonomous WSS Regulator (NWASCO) est Autonomous WSS Regulator (NWASCO) est RWSS – Integrated approach (WASHE) (1996) introduced in 54 districts (out of 72) RWSS – Integrated approach (WASHE) (1996) introduced in 54 districts (out of 72)

5 Coverage trends – (1990 – 2005) - COVERAGE/YR Rural WS Urban WS Rural San5413 Urban San SOURCE: CSO

6 MDG Targets- WSS FNDP and beyond Area Water Supply Sanitatio n Rural75%60% Peri - Urban 100%100% Urban95%80%

7 POLICIES The Water Act, Cap. 198 (enacted in 1948)- development & management of surface water resources The Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act of protectn of environmt & control of pollution Local Government Act No. 22 of gives LA responsibility to provide WSS National Water Policy promots sustainable WR Dev The Public Health Act of management of santn & prevention of pollution Water Supply and Sanitation Act No. 28 of allows LA to provide UWSS & establishment of NWASCO in 2000

8 Strategies to accelerate service delivery Within the framework of the 5 th National Development Plan A. Elaboration of Water Supply and Sanitation Policies and strategies B. Enhancement of Devolution: Capacity enhancement and sector development

9 Strategies to accelerate service delivery- contnd C. Development of Sustainable Operation and Maintenance Systems Rehabilitation of old systems Rehabilitation of old systems Construction of new systems to cover new settlements/built up areas Construction of new systems to cover new settlements/built up areas Establishing standard O&M systems Establishing standard O&M systems D. Development of national Programmes for Urban and Rural WSS sub-sectors E. Development of a RWSS Information Management and Monitoring and Evaluation System

10 Principle strategies A Decentralised and devolved approach A Decentralised and devolved approach A Demand driven approach A Demand driven approach Promotion of appropriate technology Promotion of appropriate technology Integrated approach of water, sanitation and hygiene Integrated approach of water, sanitation and hygiene Sanitation promotion Sanitation promotion Community contributions and social equity Community contributions and social equity Private sector participation Private sector participation

11 Principle strategies contnd Institutional capacity building Institutional capacity building Sector wide approach to planning and financing Sector wide approach to planning and financing Stakeholder coordination and collaboration Stakeholder coordination and collaboration Monitoring, reporting and evaluation Monitoring, reporting and evaluation Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and Gender Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and Gender

12 Achievements National Water Policy being revised Institutional framework for WSS adopted by GRZ Decentralisation Policy in place The Water Resource Action Programme (WRAP) developed The National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme (NRWSSP) to be launched on 28/11/07. SOMAP Guidelines developed The National Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Programme (NUWSSP) still being developed

13 WSS Trends In order to meet the MDG targets 75% water supply 71.8% sanitation, the sector needs to increase the number of people gaining access by a bout six times for water supply and three times for sanitation annually.

14 Measures to improve sector monitoring, evaluation, financing A structured, comprehensive M&E system needs to be implemented in rural areas, being developed by MLGH as part of the NRWSSP. Government and its co-operating partners need to allocate and commit more resources to the sector

15 Sector Requirements Finalise and operationalise the Intergovernmental Fiscal Architecture (IFA) and the capacity building components for Local Authorities Use of appropriate technologies Increased Government priority and budget spending to the sector Empower commercial utilities and Local Authorities to carry out their sanitation functions for urban and rural areas

16 Conclusion Generally, the water sector requires significant capacity at national and decentralised district levels in order to meet the MDG targets M&E management information systems are needed at the district, provincial, and national levels The WATSAN policy needs to be developed and legal framework needs to be revised to address the present shortcomings

17 END WATER IS LIFE AND SANITATION IS DIGNITY


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