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STRENGTHENING MONITORING and EVALUATION of NATIONAL AIDS PROGRAMMES in the CONTEXT of the EXPANDED RESPONSE February 4-6 2002 Dakar, Senegal.

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Presentation on theme: "STRENGTHENING MONITORING and EVALUATION of NATIONAL AIDS PROGRAMMES in the CONTEXT of the EXPANDED RESPONSE February 4-6 2002 Dakar, Senegal."— Presentation transcript:

1 STRENGTHENING MONITORING and EVALUATION of NATIONAL AIDS PROGRAMMES in the CONTEXT of the EXPANDED RESPONSE February 4-6 2002 Dakar, Senegal

2 Monitoring AND Evaluation Monitoring: What are we doing? Tracking inputs and outputs to assess whether program are performing according to plans (e.g. people trained, condoms distributed) Evaluation: What have we achieved? Assessment of impact of the programme on behaviour or health outcome (e.g. condom use at last risky sex, HIV incidence) Surveillance: monitoring disease Spread of HIV/STD (e.g. HIV prevalence among pregnant women)

3 Input Process Output Outcome Impact A FRAMEWORK for Monitoring and Evaluation People money equipment policies etc. Training Logistics Management IEC/BCC etc. Services Service use Knowledge Behaviour; Safer practices (population level) HIV/STI transmission Reduced HIV impact

4 Input Process Output Outcome Impact DATA COLLECTION for Monitoring and Evaluation HIV/STI surveillance Household Surveys Facility surveys Programme Monitoring

5 Input Process Output Outcome Impact INITIATIVES for Monitoring and Evaluation HIV/STI surveillance Household Surveys Facility surveys Programme Monitoring Second generation surveillance Second generation surveillance Multi-sectoral AIDS (MAP) program Monitoring and Evaluation Multi-sectoral AIDS (MAP) program Monitoring and Evaluation United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Monitoring and Evaluation United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Monitoring and Evaluation USAID / CDC Expanded response Monitoring and Evaluation USAID / CDC Expanded response Monitoring and Evaluation

6 MONITORING and EVALUATION at the NATIONAL LEVEL: NATIONAL SUCCESS STORIES

7 Input Process Output Outcome Impact Did the National Response Make the Difference? 1 HIV prevalence changing! 2 Can the changes in HIV prevalence be attributed to changes in behaviour?? 3 Can the changes in behaviour be attributed to interventions / programs?

8 Input Process Output Outcome Impact The components of AIDS programmes Voluntary counselling and testing Reduction of mother-to-child transmission IEC programs: knowledge, attitudes Condom promotion and distribution School programs: adolescent KAP Targeted interventions (e.g. CSW, IDU) Control of STDs Blood safety, prevention nosocomial transmission Care & support programs (including ARV)

9 Global Initiative to Improve M&E of AIDS programs at the National Level Goal: To help countries develop sustainable and effective M&E systems Coordination: UNAIDS, WHO, USAID, CDC in collaboration with World Bank, European Commission, FHI, MEASURE and many others

10 Global Initiative to Improve M&E of AIDS programs at the National Level (2) Process: 1998 Review of existing practices, systems and instruments (13 countries); 1999-2000: four consensus-building / technical meetings with stakeholders 2000: Publication of UNAIDS guide (English) 2001: Publication of UNAIDS guide (French) Country workshops (Africa - 25 countries) –April 2001 - Entebbe –Feb 2002 - Senegal –Apr 2002 - Kampala (training in M&E) –Apr 2003 - Dakar Coordination: MERG, GAMET

11 Lesson Learned: 5 Elements of a Good Monitoring and Evaluation System 1Presence Monitoring and Evaluation unit 2Clear goals and objectives of the program 3A core set of indicators and targets 4A plan for data collection and analysis 5A plan for data dissemination

12 Monitoring and Evaluation Unit No functioning unit for M&E 1 or 2 persons responsible for the whole country Very limited resources for M&E No formalised links with technical and other resources Established M&E unit within the NAC and MoH Specific expertise in or affiliated with the unit: (M&E, epi, behavioural, statistics, data dissemination) Budget (10% of the national AIDS budget with national contribution) Formalised links with the research institutions, leading NGOs and donors Not so good GOOD

13 Clear goals and objectives National strategic plan has no specific goals and objectives No system of ongoing assessment with programs reviews and built-in evaluation Limited coordination with districts and regions Limited coordination between sectors Donor-driven M&E system Well-defined national programme goals and targets - M&E plan Regular reviews/evaluations of the progress of the implementation of the national programme plans Guidelines and guidance to districts and regions or provinces for M&E Guidelines for linking M&E to multiple sectors Co-ordination of national and donor M&E needs Not so good GOOD

14 A set of indicators (and targets) No indicators or indicators that cannot be measured Indicators that cannot be compared with past indicators or with other countries Indicators are only used for donors and each donor has its own set of indicators Indicators are irrelevant to those who collect the data Each district or sector uses its own indicator A set of priority indicators and additional indicators that cover programme monitoring, programme outcomes and impact - M&E plan Selection of indicators through process of involving multiple stakeholders and maintaining relevance and comparability Utilization of past and existing data collection efforts to assess national trends (e.g. DHS) Not so good GOOD

15 Data collection and analysis plan M&E is an ad hoc activity without a plan, mostly driven by donors Data are collected but not analysed sufficiently / utilized There is no systematic monitoring of programme inputs and outputs An overall national level data collection and analysis plan, linked to the national strategic plan A plan to collect data and analyse indicators at different levels of M&E (programme monitoring) Second generation surveillance, where behavioural data are linked to HIV/STI surveillance data Not so good GOOD

16 Data dissemination plan Dissemination is ad hoc and not planned or coordinated Annual surveillance report is much delayed not user friendly and not well disseminated Dissemination to the districts and regions is not done Dissemination activities are donor driven Overall national level data dissemination plan Well-disseminated informative annual report of the M&E unit Annual meetings to disseminate and discuss M&E and research findings with policy-makers and planners Clearinghouse / Resource centre at national level Not so good GOOD


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