3 Electing the President Primary Elections – Each political party has a primary election to determine who will represent the party in the general election.Electors are chosen for the Democratic and the Republican Candidates.General Election – citizens cast their ballots for the Democratic or the Republican candidate. The votes are counted for each state. The candidate with the highest number of “popular votes” (people’s votes) wins all of the electoral votes for that state. The winner’s electors vote in the Electroal College
5 The Electoral CollegeThe Electoral College has 538 electors (three for Washington D.C.)Each state has the same number of electoral votes as they have representatives in Congress (Senators + Representatives). Alabama has 9 electors, 7 for Representatives and 2 for Senators.Each state’s popular vote (citizens’ votes) determines which electors will vote in the Electoral College.
6 does the Electoral College meet to cast its votes? WhenDecember!The electors for the winning candidate meet in each state’s capital and cast their votes. Congress counts the votes when its session begins in January. If no candidate receives a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President. However, each state only gets one vote. The Senate chooses the Vice-President.
7 do we have the Electoral College? WhyThe Framers (writers) of the Constitution did not believe that common citizens would not be educated enough to elect the president and that only celebrities would ever be popular enough to get a majority of the citizens’ votes. Therefore, they believed that most elections would be decided by the House of Representatives. They did not know that political parties would develop and help their candidates get elected.
8 In summary... When citizens vote for president, they are not voting directly for any candidate. Instead, they arevoting for a group of electors to vote for thepresident in the Electoral College