# The Presidential Election Process

## Presentation on theme: "The Presidential Election Process"— Presentation transcript:

The Presidential Election Process

Introduction: The Electoral College
One of the least understood parts of our government, yet it is one of the most important… From last time we were together… Why did we choose this method instead of popular vote? Why not have the Congress do it?

Logistics of the Electoral College
Remember – 270 Logistics of the Electoral College Total available votes = 538 = 538 Electors are determined by the number of Representatives, plus the number of Senators Minimum number a state can have is 3 Representation is based on population, therefore, electors are based on population. Where are these 3 electoral votes from?

More on the Electoral College
It’s a WINNER-TAKE-ALL If you get the majority of the popular vote in a state then you get all of the ELECTORAL VOTES for that state. Remember it takes 270 electoral votes to win

Congressional District Method: Exceptions to the winner-take-all…
Maine and Nebraska 2 electors (at-large) go with the popular vote winner All of the other votes are divided among the Congressional Districts That is…If Forsyth’s 9th District voted for Candidate A, Candidate A would get “our” 1 electoral vote, regardless of what the rest of the state voted.

WHAT’S THE TOTAL FOR THIS “STATE” ??? More on Nebraska & Maine Each Congressional District calculates their popular votes The candidate with the popular vote in EACH DISTRICT gets the E.C.V. for that particular district Popular Vote for the entire state get 2 BONUS E.C.V.s A A A B +2

Choosing Electors Electors are chosen on the same day in every state: the Tuesday after the first Monday in November…what’s significant about this date? (NOVEMBER 6, 2012) When voters go to the polls in November, they are voting for an elector NOT the President. Ideally, this elector will vote for their choice in January…NOT a requirement

Electoral College Breakdown
If you were running which states would you focus on? Why? Know this

The all time record

2004 Election (Wave = visit) (\$ = money)
Focus on Swing States – by-products of the winner-take-all format

These electors are chosen by voters These electors then report to the state capital to cast their 2 votes When? – Monday after the second Wednesday in December (DEC. 17, 2012) Who are the 2 ballots for? > >This is basically a formality < < We actually know the night of the election who won the election

The electoral ballots are sent to the President of the Senate On January 6th they are tallied with a Joint Session of Congress And the winner is “formally” announced

The trail of your vote….. You vote for “Candidate X” (their electors)
Georgia’s 15 electors in 2008: Six were women and three more were minorities (African-American, Asian-American and Latino). The trail of your vote….. You vote for “Candidate X” (their electors) X Electors “Officially” Cast Electoral Votes in the state’s capital Y Electors Electoral College votes are collected and counted in the D.C. POTUS is “formally” announced

CHECKPOINT How many electoral college votes does Georgia have?
How do they determine the number of electoral votes that a state has? How many electoral votes do you need to win the Presidential Election?

The “What Ifs” of the Electoral College
What if no one gets 270? Election goes to the House of Representatives (1800 & 1824) Each State gets one vote – 26 to win it What if the House vote has not been decided by Jan 20th? Vice President will preside until the President is determined What if no one received 270 for Vice Presidency? Senate will determine the VP and then they will preside until the President is determined

Popular-Vote vs. Electoral College Vote
Red or Blue… Who should be elected? This happened in 2000

Flaws in the Electoral College System
1) Winner of the popular vote may not win the electoral college vote > This has happened 4 times (See next Slide) 2) Electors are not required to vote for “their” candidate > “Faithless electors” on 11 occasions 3) Election might be decided by the House > This has happened twice > Look out for a 3rd party candidate to take a chunk TEA PARTY???

Proposed Changes District Plan – Proportional Plan – Direct Plan –
> Each district within a state would cast their “own” electoral vote Proportional Plan – > Percentage of electoral votes for the state based on percentage of popular vote from that state Direct Plan – > Popular vote winner, wins the office National Bonus Plan – > 102 electoral votes would be awarded automatically to the winner of the popular vote. These votes would be combined with the other electoral votes that the candidate won.

Strengths of the Electoral College
It’s a “known” system In most cases it identifies a winner quickly and certainly Most of the reforms would have “loop-holes” too

2008 Presidential Election by State
2008 Presidential Election by State Republican Democrat

2008 Election Results by county

2008 Election results by population

2004 Presidential Election

2004 - Election Results by County

Election of 2000 (Florida)

One last thing… A timeline to sum it up
Decision to run – meets 3 qualifications Electors cast votes, mail to D.C. Inauguration National Conventions Primaries, Caucus, State Conventions Electoral votes are counted Election Debate & Campaign