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Understanding the Electoral College. The District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) receives three electoral votes, as determined by the 23 rd Amendment.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Electoral College. The District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) receives three electoral votes, as determined by the 23 rd Amendment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding the Electoral College

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3 The District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) receives three electoral votes, as determined by the 23 rd Amendment to the Constitution.

4 majority rule = half + one 538 ) 2 = = What does it take to win?

5 ELECTORAL MAP AFTER 2000 CENSUS

6 MINIMUM NUMBER OF ELECTORS FOR ANY STATE

7 THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF ELECTORS

8 ELECTORAL MAP AFTER 2000 CENSUS

9 THE SEVEN SMALLEST

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12 7 smallest states

13 ELECTORAL MAP AFTER 2000 CENSUS

14 THE SEVEN BIGGEST

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16 7 biggest states = 55 = 34 = 31 = 27 = 21 = 20

17 WHAT OTHER STATES WILL HELP?

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19 4 more states = 17 = 15

20 How does it work?

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22 Each state’s block of electors assembles in their respective state capitol on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. At this meeting, the electors sign the Certificate of Vote, which is sealed and delivered to the Office of the President of the United States Senate.

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24 A special joint session of the U.S. Congress convenes in early January. At this meeting, the President of the Senate reads the Certificates of Votes and declares the official winner.

25 If no presidential candidate receives a majority of the votes in the electoral college, the president is chosen by the House of Representatives from among the three leading candidates.

26 If no candidate receives a majority of votes for vice president, that official is chosen by the Senate. The choice is made from among the two candidates with the highest number of electoral votes.

27 Congress has had to choose the president only twice—in 1800 and 1824—and the vice president only once—in vs. Jefferson J. Adams Jackson J.Q. Adams vs.

28 electors didn’t distinguish which candidate they wanted for president and which they wanted for vice president - corrected by 12 th Amendment too many presidential candidates split the vote making it impossible for any one of them to achieve a majority vote in the electoral college

29 RESULTS OF 2000 ELECTION electoral college vote in December doesn’t match popular vote in November

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31 RESULTS OF 2008 ELECTION 69,456,897 59,934, %45.7%

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