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Pre-AP Biology Book: Chapters 35 - 40. Pre-AP Biology Book: Pages 942 - 955.

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Presentation on theme: "Pre-AP Biology Book: Chapters 35 - 40. Pre-AP Biology Book: Pages 942 - 955."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pre-AP Biology Book: Chapters 35 - 40

2 Pre-AP Biology Book: Pages 942 - 955

3 The Circulatory Systems brings oxygen, nutrients and hormones to cells; fights infections; removes cell wastes; helps to regulates body temperature

4 Heart  The pump that keeps blood flowing through your body Blood Vessels  Veins  Carry blood towards the heart  Arteries  Carry blood away from the heart Blood  Red Blood Cells  Carry oxygen to the body cells  White blood cells  Defend body against disease  Platelets  Cell fragments needed for blood clotting  Plasma  Fluid portion of the blood

5 Connected to almost all other systems. Works very closely with the respiratory system and the immune system.

6 Pre-AP Biology Book: Pages 956 - 963

7 The Respiratory System provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration and removes excess carbon dioxide from the body

8 Nose and Mouth  Respiration begins with taking in air Pharynx (Throat) Larynx  Where your vocal cords are Trachea (Windpipe)  Passes air into the bronchi Bronchi (singular: Bronchus)  Passes air from trachea to the lungs

9 Bronchioles  Each Bronchus in the lungs branches out like a tree into bronchioles Alveoli  Sacs at the end of the Bronchioles where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged Lungs Diaphragm  Muscle that enables you to breathe  h?v=hp-gCvW8PRY h?v=hp-gCvW8PRY

10 Circulatory – brings O 2 to the cells and CO 2 back to the lungs Excretory – part of the excretory system to get rid of toxic CO 2 from the body

11 Pre-AP Biology Book: Pages 978 - 984

12 The Digestive System converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by cells of the body; absorbs food; eliminates wastes The entire digestive process takes between 24 and 33 hours

13 Mouth  The first stop in the disassembly of your food; Mechanical digestion = chewing and Chemical digestion = enzymes found in saliva Pharynx (throat) Epiglottis  Small flap that closes over the opening of the respiratory system when swallowing, preventing food from entering the airway. Esophagus  Muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach

14 Liver  Produces bile, a substance that helps break down fats Gall Bladder  Stores bile produced by the liver Stomach  Muscular pouch like organ where involuntary muscular churning and chemical digestion occurs Pancreas  Secretes enzymes to help break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats Small Intestine  Narrow muscular tube where digestion of food is completed with the help of enzymes secreted by the liver and pancreas

15 Villi (plural: Villus)  Little projections in the lining of the small intestine that function in the absorption of digested food Large Intestine (colon)  Muscular tube where water and salts are absorbed; material spends 18-24 hours here Appendix  Tube like extension off of the large intestine Rectum  The last part of the digestive system, feces are eliminated from the rectum through the anus

16 Muscular – contains smooth muscle Nervous – gets signals that control the rate of digestion Circulatory – broken down food travels through blood vessels to cells Endocrine – hormones (ex. Insulin) control blood sugar levels

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