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**To understand multiplication as repeated addition and as an array**

Learning Objective To understand multiplication as repeated addition and as an array

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Multiplication times lots of X sets of groups of

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**Here are 6 counters How many rows are there? 3**

How many columns are there? 2

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3 rows and 2 columns. 3 x 2 = 6 Could we write a multiplication sentence? = 6 Could we write an addition sentence?

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**Here are 6 counters How many rows are there? 2**

How many columns are there? 3

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2 rows and 3 columns. 2 x 3 = 6 Could we write a multiplication sentence? 3 + 3 = 6 Could we write an addition sentence?

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What do you notice? 2 x 3 = 6 3 x 2 = 6 = 6 3 + 3 = 6

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**Here are 10 counters How many rows are there? 5**

How many columns are there? 2

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**5 x 2 = 10 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 10 5 rows and 2 columns**

Could we write a multiplication sentence? 5 x 2 = 10 = 10 Could we write an addition sentence?

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**Here are 10 counters How many rows are there? 2**

How many columns are there? 5

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2 rows and 5 columns. 2 x 5 = 10 Could we write a multiplication sentence? 5 + 5 = 10 Could we write an addition sentence?

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What do you notice? 2 x 5 = 10 5 x 2 = 10 = 10 5 + 5 = 10

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**Here are 12 counters How many rows are there? 6**

How many columns are there? 2

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**Could we write a multiplication sentence?**

6 rows and 2 columns 6 x 2 = 12 Could we write a multiplication sentence? Could we write an addition sentence? = 12

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**Here are 12 counters How many rows are there? 2**

How many columns are there? 6

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2 rows and 6 columns. 2 x 6 = 12 Could we write a multiplication sentence? 6 + 6 = 12 Could we write an addition sentence?

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**What do you notice? 2 x 6 = 12 6 + 6 = 12 6 x 2 = 12**

= 12

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**Mrs Masterson bakes cakes. She bakes her four children two cakes each. **

How many cakes does she bake?

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4 x 2 = 8 2 x 4 = 8 = 8 4 + 4 = 8

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**Mrs Patel buys some sweets. She buys her five friends two sweets each. **

How many sweets does she buy?

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5 x 2 = 10 2 x 5 = 10 = 10 5 + 5 = 10

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**Miss Smets buys some pencils. **

She buys her seven friends two pencils each. How many pencils does she buy?

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7 x 2 = 14 2 x 7 = 14 = 14 7 + 7 = 14

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**To understand multiplication as repeated addition and as an array**

Learning Objective To understand multiplication as repeated addition and as an array

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