Presentation on theme: "Politics of the United Kingdom (including Scotland)"— Presentation transcript:
1Politics of the United Kingdom (including Scotland) The political system of the United Kingdom is based on constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government. Executive power is carried out by Her Majesty's Government, on behalf of and by the consent of the monarch, as well as by the devolved governments of Scotland and Wales, and the executive of Northern Ireland. Legislative power is given to both the government and the two chambers of the UK Parliament – the House of Commons and the House of Lords – as well as to the Scottish Parliament and Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies.
2Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution. The constitution is a set of rules that are used to help run the country. The UK has an unwritten constitution.Most constitutional monarchies use a parliamentary system in which the monarch has strictly ceremonial duties.The UK is a constitutional monarchy with the monarch as the head of state.The Queen has mostly ceremonial duties under the UK constitution.
3Devolved governments in the UK Llywodraeth Cynulliard CymruWelsh Assembly GovernmentNorthern Ireland AssemblyHolyroodWestminster
4Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish Parliament and Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies.How a law is made in the UK parliament:
5Reserved and devolved matters Devolved matters are issues where the power to make laws has been devolved (transferred) from the UK Parliament.Reserved matters are issues where the power to make laws has been kept by the UK Parliament in London.The reserved matters include:constitutional mattersUK foreign policydefencenational securitytrade and industryemployment lawsocial securitygambling and the National Lotterydata protectiondrug lawsenergy – coal, gas, oil, electricity andnuclear energyelectionsThe devolved matters include:healtheducationlocal governmentsocial workhousingplanningtourismeconomic developmentagriculture, forestry and fishingsport and the arts
6Coalition government – May 2010 Prime Minister: David Cameron (Conservative Party)Deputy Prime Minister: Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrat Party)
7Scottish Parliament – May 2011 Government SNP (68)Opposition parties Lab (37) Con (15) Lib Dem (5) Green (2) Ind (1)Presiding Officer PO (1)
8Members of Parliament (MPs) House of Commons650first past the post (FPTP)Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs)Holyrood129additional member system (AMS)Local councils in Scotland32single transferable vote (STV)