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of Political Institutions GREAT BRITAIN Huey Shih
BRITAIN USES A Parliamentary System (No Separation of Powers)
PARLIAMENT (It’s Bicameral) House of Lords and HOUSE OF COMMONS
HOUSE OF LORDS Members are not elected By the public Lords Temporal Lords Spiritual
House of Commons 650 Members Majority Party Loyal Opposition Many smaller parties First Past the Post
PRIME MINISTER & CABINET David “First Among Equals” Cameron Elected as leader of the majority party Appoint s Cabinet members
The Crown Gives royal assent to bills Ceremonial Head of State Meets foreign heads of stateOpens Parliament Formally appoints members of the House of Lords Commander-in-chief
THE BUREAUCRAC Y Stable and powerful Discretionary power Experts in the field Long term Advise ministers “Oxbridge”
THE JUDICIARY Parliamentary sovereignty Common law Uk supreme court Independent, impartial, and neutral
Political parties conservativeLiberal democrats labour Sinn Fein of Northern Ireland Plaid Cymru of Wales respect allianceGreen Democratic unionist party Scottish national party
David Cameron ED MILLIBAND NICK clegg
Labour party 1997 to 2010 Loss of 1992 election Began in 1906 Trade unions and socialist groups
Conservative party Noblesse oblige World war II and 1997 Traditional wing Thatcherite wing right
Liberal democrats Merged liberals and social democrats Proportional representation Bill of rights Goal: establish strong middle party left
“First Past the Post” elections “Winner Take All” Fixed term parliaments act (2011) Party selects running candidate MP’s don’t have to live in district
Parliamentary System The is…
Common Law The is…
Lords Temporal The is…
First Past the Post The is…
Labour Party The is…
Speaker of the House The is…
Parliamentary Sovereignty The is…
Vote of Confidence The is…
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