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© David Last Position, Navigation & Time - 4 th Annual Symposium Stanford University 9 November 2010 Crime, Punishment and the Global Positioning System Professor David Last
© David Last TomTom Car Navigator GPS receiver + Computer Picture: www.tomtom.com
© David Last Plot of addresses extracted from TomTom car navigator
© David Last Multiple timed and dated tracks
© David Last List of addresses extracted from TomTom car navigator
© David Last
Garmin eTrex hand-held GPS Picture: www.garmin.com
Pictures: dreamstime.com, findarticles.com, masternaut.co.uk, www.wire3-t.co.uk
© David Last Vehicle tracking system
© David Last Vehicle tracking system Checks to establish quality of evidence
© David Last Picture: http://www.tdl.ltd.uk In high-quality tracking data, a moving vehicles fixes lie close to roads and are even biased to the left-hand carriageway.
© David Last Could this fix be 130 metres away?
© David Last How accurate is this GPS, then? Open site Open site Urban canyons Car roof Beneath car Car roof Max. error: 3.1m Max. error: 5.0m Max. error: 300m 95%-ile: 2.0m 95%-ile: 4.2m
© David Last
GPS and GSM Jammer Picture: http://www.tayx.co.uk
© David Last Picture: Professor Durk van Willigen GPS satellite radiates 100W From 20,000km range Illuminates 38% of Earth eg Europe + Africa + Atlantic
© David Last High-powered GPS and Mobile Phone Jammer Picture: http://www.gpsjammers.net/gmw08.html
© David Last Pictures: www.jammer-store.com/gj5-gps-l1-l2-l5-jammer-blocker.html
© David Last Pictures: www.schneier.com GPS Spoofing … Jon used a desktop computer attached to a GPS satellite simulator to create a fake GPS signal … During later experiments, Jon … spoofed GPS signals at ranges over three quarters of a mile … at Los Alamos.
© David Last Pictures: http://www.labsat.co.uk
Picture: /www.imdb.com/title/tt0120347, www.naval-technology.com/projects/t23/ British ship is sunk by Chinese in international waters. Clue is fake GPS signal controlled by techno-terrorist. Bond discovers GPS device - and wins the girl! © David Last
Options to mitigate jamming and spoofing Picture: http://www.tayx.co.uk Detect and enforce Lojack Cellular asset recovery Dead-reckoning Enhanced Loran
© David Last Pictures: Mitchell Narins, Federal Aviation Administration; Reelektronika bv Enhanced Loran (eLoran) On earth, high-powered Different from GPS but a plug-in replacement FAAs GPS complement for aviation + maritime + timing Loran-C plus digital technology
© David Last So … where are we headed? GPS evidence vital in vehicle crime Forensic use of GPS growing rapidly Evidence being tested in court GPS-based systems now under attack
© David Last 38th ILA Convention and Technical Symposium October 13-15, 2009 Portland, Maine USA Crime, GNSS Jamming & Enhanced Loran Professor David Last.
© David Last 14 January 2009 Royal Ulster Yacht Club Satellite Navigation – Truths & Myths? Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa. gov//ewsroom/BlueMarble/
© David Last Loodswezen Congress of Dutch Pilots 1 September 2008 Satellite Navigation Systems – The Present Imperfect Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
© David Last Digital Forensics Conference Forensics Expo Europe April 2014 Maximising the Potential of GPS Evidence Professor David Last Picture:
© David Last AVCIS-IATTI Annual Conference Loughborough University 24 September 2014 GPS Tracking Evidence - Handle with Care! Professor David Last Picture:
© David Last November 2014 La Coruña, Spain Satellite Navigation – Where’s it Taking Us Now? Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
© David Last Luftfartskonferensen Bodo, Norway 4 February 2016 Achieving Security of Positioning & Timing for Transportation Professor David Last Past-President,
Examining the Risk Posed by GPS Jamming & Spoofing Professor David Last Strategic Advisor General Lighthouse Authorities of United Kingdom and Ireland.
The facts about GPS/GSM Jamming. Jamming and Stolen Vehicle Recovery Any radio based system is susceptible to attack through jamming but GPS and GSM are.
© David Last The Need for R esilient PNT at Sea Professor David Last Strategic Advisor, General Lighthouse Authorities of the United Kingdom and Ireland.
© David Last Criminals on the Move Slaugham Manor, Sussex 16 April 2015 GPS Tracking Evidence - Handle with Care! Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
How Carriers Can Win the Application Wars with Location Based Services? Michael Grossi, Director Altman Vilandrie & Co.
Geographic Information Systems
ON REQUEST MATERIAL TRACKING SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES Student Name USN NO Guide Name H.O.D Name Name Of The College & Dept.
© David Last October 14-15, 2010 Washington, DC The Effect of Jammers on GPS in a Maritime Environment Professor David Last Consultant to the General Lighthouse.
Forensic Science Geocaching Activity
ELoran Maritime Service Provision: Initial Thoughts By Dr Sally Basker, Professor David Last, Dr Paul Williams Date: International Loran Association, Orlando,
Introduction to the Global Positioning System
NOVA SCOTIA GROUND SEARCH AND RESCUE ASSOCIATION
© David Last Resilient Positioning, Navigation & Timing Forum 14 April 2014 Rotterdam The Navigation of Navigation Professor David Last Past-President.
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