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© David Last 38th ILA Convention and Technical Symposium October 13-15, 2009 Portland, Maine USA Crime, GNSS Jamming & Enhanced Loran Professor David Last Consultant Engineer & Expert Witness
© David Last TomTom Car Navigator GPS receiver + Computer Picture: www.tomtom.com
© David Last Plot of addresses extracted from TomTom car navigator
© David Last Multiple timed and dated tracks
© David Last Vehicle tracking system
© David Last Vehicle tracking system Checks to establish quality of evidence
© David Last How accurate is it, then? Scatter plot: http://www.gral-gju.org/examples.php 95% of GPS position measurements will lie within 5 metres of the true position provided … GPS receiver operating OK Installation OK Has acquired satellites Aerial can see sky No blockages No reflections No interference
© David Last GPS Jammer
© David Last Picture: http://www.globalgadgetuk.com/yo50G.htm
© David Last Picture: Professor Durk van Willigen GPS satellite radiates 100W From 20,000km range Illuminates 38% of Earth eg Europe + Africa + Atlantic
© David Last GPS Jammer - Spectrum
© David Last GPS & Mobile Phone Jammer
© David Last GSM 900MHz DCS 1800MHz 3G 2150MHz GPS 1575MHz
© David Last 2 Watt GPS & Mobile Phone Jammer Pictures: http://www.gpsjammers.net/gmw08.html, http://www.gla-rrnav.org/pdfs/GPS_Jamming_and_the_impact_on_maritime_navigation.pdf
© David Last GPS Jammer – GPS band Picture: http://galileo.khem.gov.hu/documents/angol/technikai_dokumentumok/status_of_galileo_frequency_and_signal_design.pdf
© David Last GPS Jammer – GPS & Galileo bands Picture: http://galileo.khem.gov.hu/documents/angol/technikai_dokumentumok/status_of_galileo_frequency_and_signal_design.pdf
© David Last GPS Jammer – GPS, Galileo & GLONASS bands
© David Last GPS jammer for both L1 and L2 L1 L2
© David Last Options to mitigate jamming and spoofing Picture: http://www.tayx.co.uk Datatrak Tracker Dead-reckoning Enhanced Loran
© David Last Pictures: Mitchell Narins, Federal Aviation Administration; Reelektronika bv Enhanced Loran (eLoran) On earth, high-powered Different from GPS! Digital 10m accuracy, precise time
© David Last So … where are we headed? GPS evidence vital in vehicle crime Forensic use of GPS growing rapidly GNSS-based systems now under attack Enhanced Loran is The Answer!
© David Last Position, Navigation & Time - 4 th Annual Symposium Stanford University 9 November 2010 Crime, Punishment and the Global Positioning System.
© David Last 14 January 2009 Royal Ulster Yacht Club Satellite Navigation – Truths & Myths? Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa. gov//ewsroom/BlueMarble/
© David Last Digital Forensics Conference Forensics Expo Europe April 2014 Maximising the Potential of GPS Evidence Professor David Last Picture:
© David Last November 2014 La Coruña, Spain Satellite Navigation – Where’s it Taking Us Now? Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
© David Last Loodswezen Congress of Dutch Pilots 1 September 2008 Satellite Navigation Systems – The Present Imperfect Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
Examining the Risk Posed by GPS Jamming & Spoofing Professor David Last Strategic Advisor General Lighthouse Authorities of United Kingdom and Ireland.
© David Last AVCIS-IATTI Annual Conference Loughborough University 24 September 2014 GPS Tracking Evidence - Handle with Care! Professor David Last Picture:
GPS Denial – Causes and Solutions Neil Gerein. NovAtel Inc. Proprietary Moving, or gathering data, you need to know where you are 2.
© David Last The Need for R esilient PNT at Sea Professor David Last Strategic Advisor, General Lighthouse Authorities of the United Kingdom and Ireland.
© David Last October 14-15, 2010 Washington, DC The Effect of Jammers on GPS in a Maritime Environment Professor David Last Consultant to the General Lighthouse.
ELoran Maritime Service Provision: Initial Thoughts By Dr Sally Basker, Professor David Last, Dr Paul Williams Date: International Loran Association, Orlando,
International Civil Aviation Organization
ATN/GNSS Seminar Varadero, Cuba 6 to 9 May 2002 GNSS spectrum and signal vulnerability issues Presentation 5.2 by V. Iatsouk, GNSS Panel Secretary ANB/ICAO.
Interference Monitoring in the Central European GPS Geodynamic Reference Network István Fejes FÖMI Satellite geodetic Observatory Penc, Hungary ESF Workshop.
© David Last Luftfartskonferensen Bodo, Norway 4 February 2016 Achieving Security of Positioning & Timing for Transportation Professor David Last Past-President,
James T. Doherty Institute for Defense Analyses 16 October 2007
© David Last Criminals on the Move Slaugham Manor, Sussex 16 April 2015 GPS Tracking Evidence - Handle with Care! Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
Vulnerability Assessment of the Infrastructure that Relies on the Global Positioning System (GPS) 13 th ITS World Congress and Exhibition 9 October 2006.
Radio Frequency Interference
Durk van Willigen 1 reelektronika The Challenge of Finding Your Position in a World Hostile to Radio Navigation Prof.dr. Durk van Willigen Reelektronika,
Introduction to GNSS opportunities in different Market Segments
GPS Overview TEC7132 April 2004.
© David Last Resilient Positioning, Navigation & Timing Forum 14 April 2014 Rotterdam The Navigation of Navigation Professor David Last Past-President.
Galileo EU/ESA GPS USA GLONASS Russia Global Navigation Satellite Systems GNSS Accuracy 10m or better Compass China Planned India, Japan, Korea.
GPS POLICY AND PLANNING Mr. Joe Canny US Department of Transportation Presented at IISC Meeting December, 1999.
GPS and other GNSS signals GPS signals and receiver technology MM10 Darius Plausinaitis
Differential eLoran Reference Station for Maritime and Precise Time Applications Gerard Offermans, Arthur Helwig, Reelektronika NL International Loran.
Proddage Generic Material
Navy GPS GPS Users Conference 02 November 2000 LCDR Drew Williams SSC-SD, Code D315 GPS Division GPS Vulnerability.
Introduction to the Global Positioning System
Avionics Engineering Center Characterization of Atmospheric Noise in the Loran-C Band Presented to the International Loran Association (ILA-32) November.
EGNOS: a satellite navigation system for Europe, and an opportunity for Africa! Michel Bosco Head, Galileo and EGNOS Applications and International Cooperation.
Common Questions - Global Positioning System Devices
1 N a v S A S Osservatorio ICT del Piemonte, November 2005 The Future Navigation Systems: Galileo and GPSIII Paolo Mulassano member of the NavSAS Group.
Mauro Vieira de Lima Novembro 2014 eLoran and eDLoran.
The Impact of GPS Jamming on the Safety of Navigation Dr S Basker, Dr A Grant, Dr P Williams, Dr N Ward Presented to the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee,
Global Positioning System
Mobile Phone Jamming A Brief Overview by Robert Maine and Robert Cochrane.
GMAT9205 – Fundamentals of Geopositioning Gael Desliens
Edgar Thielmann Applications of the European GNSS INFO DAY GALILEO FP7 Bruxelles 27 January 2009 EUROPEAN COMMISSION.
Forensic Science Geocaching Activity
View on GPS and Galileo ‘From across the Atlantic…’ Ruth E. Neilan International GNSS Service (IGS) Central Bureau Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California.
© David Last Insurance Fraud Conference DWF LLP 28 April 2015 Insurance Telematics Data - Handle with Care! Professor David Last Picture: earthobservatory.nasa.
Intro to GIS Spring GPS = Global Positioning System GNSS = Global Navigation Satellite Systems Satellite based technologies that give location.
Automatic Position Reporting System. What is APRS all about? (Humans communicating INFO with Humans) Immediate local digital and graphical information.
Heavy & Highway GNSS & Total Stations Basics
The Future Air Traffic Control System Presented by: Geoffrey BaileyKors van den BoogaardDon Willis EurocontrolInternational Air Transport AssociationU.S.
What are the issues with Multi-GNSS Enabling the National Positioning Infrastructure? John Dawson and Gary Johnston Earth Monitoring and Hazards Group.
Simplifying GPS Position Referencing On Day to Day Surveys By: Keith Belsham, Technical Sales Representative Butler Survey Equipment
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