Presentation on theme: "Geography concepts: What, why and how?"— Presentation transcript:
1Geography concepts: What, why and how? Liz TaylorUniversity of Cambridge
2(This slide showed an image of an exercise book page from 1947 – lots of small pictures showing characteristics and products of different regions of France.)
3(This slide showed a detailed map in coloured pencil of the relief and key features of Spain and Portugal.)
4A more recent example… Ecosystems Elements in an ecosystem (biotic, abiotic, food chains and webs)Rainforest ecosystemsDesert ecosystemsMediterranean ecosystemsGeography concepts: what, why & how?
5An even more recent example… Geography of crimeDefining and categorising crimeCrime in the local areaMapping crime (GIS)Preventing crimeGeography concepts: what, why & how?
6What’s the big idea?Key concepts can be used in planning to give focus, to aid selection of content, to organise.Geography concepts: what, why & how?
7A detailed knowledge of content is important conceptsmethods(processes, skills)knowledge(range, content)Geography concepts: what, why & how?
8But which concepts should we use to organise it? Geography concepts: what, why & how?
9Different people, different purposes, different lists… Schools Council Project History, Geography and Social Science (1976) in Marsden (1995)Leat (1998)Jackson (2006)communicationpowerbeliefs and valuesconflict/consensuscontinuity/changesimilarity/differencecauses and consequencescause and effectclassificationdecision-makingdevelopmentinequalitylocationplanningsystemsspace and placescale and connectionproximity and distancerelational thinkingGeography concepts: what, why & how?
10Which concepts?Concepts are classifiers – tools for making sense of the worldWhich are most powerful for constructing school geography around (in this time and place)?Geography concepts: what, why & how?
11Key concepts in the 2008 NC place space scale interdependence physical and human processesenvironmental interaction and sustainable developmentcultural understanding and diversityGeography concepts: what, why & how?
13Place, space, time central DiversitySPACEPLACE TIMEInteractionChangePerception & representationGeography concepts: what, why & how?
14The proof of the pudding… … is in whether thinking about these ideas helps us to plan geographically rigorous, engaging and challenging sequences of learning…Geography concepts: what, why & how?
15…so how can this happen? Enquiry sequence… short, focussed sequence of lessonsa good enquiry question (pith & rigour)driven by a particular big conceptoutcome activity which answers the question and is integral to the sequenceGeography concepts: what, why & how?
16Constructing a good question is vital! A question the pupils will want to answer (pith)A question which will encourage careful and challenging thinking about a geographical topic (rigour)Geography concepts: what, why & how?
17Do these have pith & rigour? What are the human and physical factors which have affected coastal erosion in the Dunwich area over the past 50 years?Olympics in China: good or bad?Should people be allowed to destroy the Amazon rainforest?Geography concepts: what, why & how?
18It’s not easy, but it is important! Some work in progress…How far has my mobile travelled? (interaction/globalisation)Glastonbury: environmental friend or foe? (interaction/sustainability)Where should the Smiths live in Australia? (diversity)Lake District 2050: What will it be like? (change)Geography concepts: what, why & how?