Presentation on theme: "EARLY COLONIES. WHY DO PEOPLE MOVE? HOW SUCKY IS MY LIFE? Poor Indentured Servants (enslaved for 7-15 years) Criminals (50,000 over the century)"— Presentation transcript:
WHY DO PEOPLE MOVE?
HOW SUCKY IS MY LIFE? Poor Indentured Servants (enslaved for 7-15 years) Criminals (50,000 over the century) 1 in 6 colonists survived
Proprietary: Granted by a king or queen to an individual or group who had full governing rights. Royal: Governor appointed by the King and allowed to rule how the governor saw fit. Corporate: Political power rested in the members of the company, who met in what was known as the General Court Charter – Document that allows you to exist.
Joint-Stock Company Company funded and run by a group of investors who share the companys profits and losses.
Jamestown the Basics - Virginia 1607 Problems: Gold #1 priority, lack of skills, disease caused by location, relationship with Natives. Leads to…
Starving Time: Only 38 of original 144 survive.
Saved by John Smith and Tobacco Work or starve. John Smith John Rolfe and Pocahontas Rolfe Introduces tobacco
DID POCAHONTAS REALLY SAVE JOHN SMITH? MYTH OR REALITY…
Two Settlements Massachusetts Bay Colony (Puritans) Plymouth Colony (Separatists)
civil body politic "just and equal laws 41 Male passengers on the Mayflower formed into acivil body politic, signed a compact promising to write and obey "just and equal laws... for the general good of the colony." self- government The compact brought an element of democracy to America and was an example of the practice of self- government in the colonies. self- government All the colonies practiced some form of self- government…………
Pilgrims Separatists (separating from the Church of England; the bible is the authority) Mayflower Compact (two groups of people on the ship not just Pilgrims) Plymouth Colony SquantoWilliam Bradford
Massachusetts Bay Colony We must be knit together in this work, as one man. We must entertain each other in brotherly affection….We must delight in each other; make others conditions our own; rejoice together, journey together, labor and suffer together…. For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. John Winthrop
Massachusetts Bay Colony cont… Puritans (purify the Church of England) Great Migration (from 1630 to 1643 went from 1,000 to 20,000). Very successful 1700 in Mass 93,00 living pretty comfortably Dark Moment: Salem Witch Trials (20 men and women were executed in 1692) – National Geographic Experience
Puritan Dissenters: Banished from Puritan society: Rhode Island Roger WilliamsAnne Hutchinson
Wars with Indian and Colonists Pequot War (Movie) – Puritans (and Narragansetts) vs Pequots – Puritan attacked Pequot fort and set it on fire, shot anyone who tried to leave King Philips War (Metacom) – Wampanoag, Narragansett and Nipmucks – Metacom (son of Massasoit) as chief – Attack outlying Puritan towns guerilla style – 1000 colonists kill, 3000 Indians, including Metacom. Head displayed for 25 years.
The English who came first to this country were but a handful of people, forlorn, poor and distressed. My father was then sachem, he relieved their distresses in the most kind and Hospitable manner. He gave them land to plant and build upon….They flourished and increased. By various means they got possession of a great part of this territory. But he still remained their friend till he died. My elder brother became a sachem. He was seized and confined and thereby thrown into illness and died. Soon after I became sachem they disarmed all my people… their land was taken. But (only) a small part of the dominion (territory) of my ancestors remains. I am determined not to live (that is, not to simply keep on living) until I have no country. Metacom, 1675
New England Colonies Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire
Colonial Life--North COMMERCE: TRIANGLE TRADE SHIPPING AND SHIPBUILDING LAND FARMING
Mercantilism – Purpose of the colonies to benefit the power and wealth of Great Britain Greater wealth means greater power. – Diagram Colonial Economies
Slave Trade/Triangular Trade
Middle Colonies New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware
Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
Colonial Life--South FARMING LARGE FARMS--NO TOWNS CHEAP LABOR WITH INDENTURED SERVANTS
Bacons Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon vs William Berkeley Economic hardship Settlers accidently attacked a group of friendly Indians Marched on Jamestown to demand govt protect them After months of chaosburned Jamestown 100 killed Results – DID NOT SUCCEED--WEALTHY IN CONTROL – INDENTURED SERVANTS DANGEROUS--USE SLAVES
Ever though the 4th church was burned during Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 the tower remained undamaged and intact. It has been preserved as part of this national park.