5HOW SUCKY IS MY LIFE? Poor Indentured Servants (enslaved for 7-15 years)Criminals (50,000 over the century)1 in 6 colonists survived
6Charter – Document that allows you to exist. Proprietary: Granted by a king or queen to an individual or group who had full governing rights.Royal: Governor appointed by the King and allowed to rule how the governor saw fit.Corporate: Political power rested in the members of the company, who met in what was known as the General Court
7Joint-Stock CompanyCompany funded and run by a group of investors who share the company’s profits and losses.
8Jamestown the Basics - Virginia 1607Problems: Gold #1 priority, lack of skills, disease caused by location, relationship with Natives.Leads to…
9Starving Time: Only 38 of original 144 survive. Food was in such short supply that graves were robbed and corpses eaten. One colonist murdered his wife and feasted on her flesh.Near Abandonment: Actually boarded ships and were getting ready to leave.
10Saved by John Smith and Tobacco Rolfe Introduces tobacco“Work or starve.” John SmithJohn Rolfe and Pocahontas
11DID POCAHONTAS REALLY SAVE JOHN SMITH? MYTH OR REALITY…
12Massachusetts Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony Two SettlementsMassachusetts Bay Colony(Puritans)Plymouth Colony (Separatists)
13All the colonies practiced some form of self-government………… MAYFLOWER COMPACT41 Male passengers on the Mayflower formed into a “civil body politic”, signed a compact promising to write and obey "just and equal laws ... for the general good of the colony."The compact brought an element of democracy to America and was an example of the practice of self-government in the colonies.All the colonies practiced some form of self-government…………
14Plymouth Colony Pilgrims Separatists (separating from the Church of England; the bible is the authority)Mayflower Compact (two groups of people on the ship not just Pilgrims)SquantoWilliam Bradford
15Massachusetts Bay Colony “We must be knit together in this work, as one man. We must entertain each other in brotherly affection….We must delight in each other; make others’ conditions our own; rejoice together, journey together, labor and suffer together…. For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.”John Winthrop
16Massachusetts Bay Colony cont… Puritans (purify the Church of England)Great Migration (from 1630 to 1643 went from 1,000 to 20,000). Very successful1700 in Mass 93,00 living pretty comfortablyDark Moment: SalemWitch Trials (20 men andwomen were executed in1692) – National GeographicExperience
17Puritan Dissenters: Banished from Puritan society: Rhode Island Roger WilliamsAnne Hutchinson
18Wars with Indian and Colonists Pequot War (Movie)Puritans (and Narragansetts) vs PequotsPuritan attacked Pequot fort and set it on fire, shot anyone who tried to leaveKing Philip’s War (Metacom)Wampanoag, Narragansett and NipmucksMetacom (son of Massasoit) as chiefAttack outlying Puritan towns guerilla style1000 colonists kill, 3000 Indians, including Metacom. Head displayed for 25 years.
19“The English who came first to this country were but a handful of people, forlorn, poor and distressed. My father was thensachem, he relieved their distresses in the most kind andHospitable manner. He gave them land to plant and buildupon….They flourished and increased. By various means theygot possession of a great part of this territory. But he stillremained their friend till he died. My elderbrother became a sachem. He was seizedand confined and thereby thrown intoillness and died. Soon after I becamesachem they disarmed all my people…their land was taken. But (only) a smallpart of the dominion (territory) of myancestors remains. I am determined notto live (that is, not to simply keep onliving) until I have no country.”Metacom, 1675
20New England Colonies Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire
21Colonial Life--North COMMERCE: TRIANGLE TRADE SHIPPING AND SHIPBUILDINGLANDFARMING
22Colonial Economies Mercantilism Purpose of the colonies to benefit the power and wealth of Great Britain—Greater wealth means greater power.Diagram
28Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
29Colonial Life--South FARMING LARGE FARMS--NO TOWNS CHEAP LABOR WITH INDENTURED SERVANTS
30Bacon’s Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon vs William Berkeley Economic hardshipSettlers accidently attacked a group of friendly IndiansMarched on Jamestown to demand gov’t protect themAfter months of chaos—burned Jamestown—100 killedResultsDID NOT SUCCEED--WEALTHY IN CONTROLINDENTURED SERVANTS DANGEROUS--USE SLAVES
31Ever though the 4th church was burned during Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 the tower remained undamaged and intact. It has been preserved as part of this national park.