Presentation on theme: "You Are the Emergency Medical Responder"— Presentation transcript:
1You Are the Emergency Medical Responder Lesson 24: PoisoningYou Are the Emergency Medical ResponderYour police unit is summoned to a residence on a report of an unconscious person. When you arrive and size-up the scene, you discover parents with their 2-year-old child. The mother is distraught and says she found her toddler on the kitchen floor very drowsy. She noticed that the under-the-sink cabinet door was open, and there was a bottle of liquid kitchen cleaner lying next to the child. She called because he was not responding when she tried to wake him up.
2PoisonAny substance that causes injury, illness or death if it enters the bodyToxins are poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that can cause certain disease but also are capable of stimulating neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
3Poison Control Centers Specialized health care centers that provide information on poisons and suspected poisoning emergencies24-Hour Poison Help Hotline:
8ActivityYou arrive at a local nursery in response to a call that an employee was splashed in the face and on the neck with a liquid chemical to kill weeds. The employee is conscious and is complaining that his skin and eyes feel “like they are on fire.”
9Injected PoisonBites or stings of insects, spiders, aquatic life, animals or snakesDrugs or misused medications injected with a hypodermic needle
10You Are the Emergency Medical Responder You complete your assessment and find that the toddler is unresponsive and his respiratory and pulse rates are extremely slow. He also has some redness around his mouth and lips, and there is a strong odor of bleach. Based on your findings, you suspect poisoning.
11Administering Activated Charcoal Give within 1 hour of ingestion (ideally) only if directed by medical control or the PCC and the patient is fully conscious and alertNot for patients who have overdosed on cyanide or swallowed acids or alkalisMix it thoroughly with water and give through a straw or use an opaque containerDosage:1 g per kilogram of patient’s weight30 to 100 g for adult12 to 25 g for child or infant
12Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Signs and Symptoms Dull throbbing headacheNausea or vomitingBluish skin colorChest painConfusionConvulsionsDizzinessDrowsinessFaintingHyperactivityImpaired judgmentIrritabilityLoss of consciousnessLow blood pressureMuscle weaknessRapid or abnormal heart beatShockShortness of breath
13Care for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Ensure that EMRs are properly outfitted for safety.Remove the patient from the situation as quickly as possible.Alert ER staff and physicians about the suspicion of CO poisoning.Prepare the patient to answer questions.Inform the patient that he or she may have a blood test to confirm diagnosis.Monitor and treat everyone in the area.Administer emergency oxygen.
14Cyanide Poisoning Signs and Symptoms Ingestion or absorptionDizzinessHeadacheNausea and vomitingRapid breathingRapid heart rateRestlessnessWeaknessLarge, concentrated/intense exposureConvulsionsLoss of consciousnessLow blood pressureLung injuryRespiratory failure leading to deathSlow heart rate
15Care for Cyanide Poisoning Observe for signs and symptoms of cyanide poisoning.Seek medical attention immediately.Seek fresh air or rest in a half-upright position.Administer emergency oxygen.Wear protective clothing.Rinse eyes with plenty of water.