2The Elements of Design are considered the TOOLS of design. The Principles of Design are considered the RULES of design.
3Elements of Design Space Shape Form Line Texture Color Some Short Fellas Like Tall Chicks!
4The Elements and Principles of design are like a recipe… Ingredients = ElementsTells you what you needDirections = PrinciplesTells you how to use what you need
5Raspberry Kisses Texture Form Line Color Space Shape spoonful of Cream Cheese SpreadSpoonful Seedless raspberry jam or preservesPowdered sugarDirections: (Principles)Lay out your NILLA Wafers on the table flat side up.Spread your spoonful of Cream Cheese Spread on top of the Wafer.Top your spread with your spoonful of jam.FormLineColorSpaceShape
62 General design choices with space Fill the spaceAdd positive spaceORLeave much of it emptyAccept the negative space
9Space The area a designer works with. Negative Space Positive Space Empty spaceEXAMPLE: the area under the deskPositive SpaceFilled spaceEXAMPLE: the deskAll rooms should have a balance of both positive and negative space.
10Positive and Negative Space Positive space: space that is filled with color, texture, form, or mass. This could be walls, furnishings, art, area rugs, or even graphics or scenes painted on walls.Negative space: The empty space surrounding the positive space-the windows between works or art, the space between furniture pieces, or even the cubic footage.
11Positive and negative space The positive and negative space should be balanced in amount and placement. Although, some areas are primarily positive space or primarily negative space.
12How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Allow large openings between rooms so the eye can travel to adjacent rooms.
13How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Place large furniture pieces near walls and perpendicular to walls so they don’t break the space into smaller segments.
14How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Use small furniture, patterns, and textures.
15How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Use a minimum of furnishings and accessories.
16How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Allow for empty space between furniture or on walls.
17How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Use light, cool colors.
18How to make an area seem more SPACIOUS Place lighting around the outside of the room.
19Different sizes of space convey different feelings Large, open spaces give many people a feeling of freedom and luxury.Too much empty space can make someone feel lonely and uncomfortableWell designed small spaces can make people feel snug and secure.Uncomfortable small spaces give a feeling of confinement.
20How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Place furniture perpendicular to walls as room dividers.
21How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use furniture of different heights to break a long, unobstructed view.
22How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Group furniture according to areas of activity.
23How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use large furniture that sits directly on the floor.
24How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use contrasting patterns, colors, and textures.
25How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use warm, dark colors.
26How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use natural lighting and be careful when using artificial lighting.
27How to make an area seem more INTIMATE Use soft, rough textures to absorb sound and make the room feel private and intimate.
32Positive & Negative Space Assignment #1 Cut a shape from a half sheet of black paper. Then cut that shape into at least 9 more pieces.Reform the pieces of your shape onto a white piece of paper to reflect positive and negative space. Experiment with different amounts of space.Glue the pieces down after deciding on the most pleasing arrangement.Create a portfolio page with this design. Your description will include what part of your picture is positive space and which part is negative, as well as an explanation of why the new design is more interesting than the original shape you started with.
36Space Assignment #2 Open & Closed Space Find pictures in magazines of pictures that represent rooms with:Open SpaceClosed SpaceTitle the two pages “Open Space Room” and “Closed Space Room”In your description, include the feelings the space might make one feel as well as the influence it makes on how the size of the room “feels.”