# Elements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art

## Presentation on theme: "Elements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art"— Presentation transcript:

Elements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art
Or how we talk about images on a flat surface

What is it? A two-dimensional object
Rejects representation Does not try to represent the “real” Iconic – symbol of the real Techniques to unveil the process Accepts representation Tries to imitate the “real” Tries to be three-dimensional Techniques to fool the eye

How is it done? How the elements are used
And put together describe the composition of the piece

Elements of painting/design
1. Line 2. Form 3. Color 4. Space 5. Texture

Use of basic elements in composition
1. Repetition 2. Balance 3. Unity 4. Focal area 5. Perspective 6. Chiaroscuro 7. Dynamics

The composition of a piece helps us construct meaning in and for the artwork.

Line Real line – actual line on the surface
Implied line – suggested line through color, shape, boundaries of objects Painterly line – more implied than real Linear – more actual line than implied Line is used to control our eye, create unity and balance, help construct meaning

Form Shape of object (as a result of the use of line)
Shape of parts of composition Triangle, square, circle, and so on

Color Hue – pure color (red, blue,….)
Value – amount of black or white in color Intensity – degree of purity of color

Space Illusion of three dimensions

Texture Implied – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition Real – what it would feel like if you touched it

How those elements are used to create the image….

Repetition The repetition of line, color, shapes
Repeat the element in a consistent pattern Repeat the element in a variation of the pattern Juxtapose elements in a pattern

Balance Symmetrical Asymmetrical
Bilateral if divided the same on both sides Asymmetrical Placement of unlike terms

Unity Completeness within the frame (closed composition)
Incomplete; viewer’s attention drawn outside the composition (open composition) Use of color, line, shape to pull the objects together

Focal Area Where one’s attention is drawn Can have more than one focal area

Perspective Making a two-dimensional object into the illusion of three-dimensional Linear (1-point) perspective Converging line to achieve the sense of distance Aerial perspective Color, detail, size to create sense of distance

Contrasts of light and dark
Chiaroscuro Contrasts of light and dark

How lively or stable/stolid does the picture seem?
Dynamics How lively or stable/stolid does the picture seem?

Continuum From real (representation) to nonobjective (iconic)
Subject matter Continuum From real (representation) to nonobjective (iconic)

Our knowledge of the history of the use of elements also contributes to the meaning of the object.