Presentation on theme: "Exploring the World The Age of Exploration 1450 - 1700."— Presentation transcript:
Exploring the World The Age of Exploration
What brought about the change in Europe ? The desire to increase trade The desire to increase trade Spice Trade…for centuries, European traders had traveled to ports in the eastern Mediterranean to buy spices (like pepper, cinnamon, and cloves – used to preserve food and improve flavor) and other goods (like silk) from Asian merchants who had traveled across Asia. Because it was expensive to transport these long distances, Europeans decided to look for a shorter route across Asia.
What brought about the change in Europe ? The Renaissance Movement The Renaissance Movement A spirit of curiosity about the world was born during this time of renewed interest in learning and the arts from the late 14 th to 16 th centuries.
What brought about the change in Europe ? Desire for New Land Desire for New Land In the 1400s the nations of Europe competed with each other for political and economic power. One way that these countries improved their economic strength and influence was to explore new lands and find valuable natural resources. Establishing colonies also provided new markets for their goods.
What brought about the change in Europe ? God, Gold, & Glory God, Gold, & Glory While many explorers desired fame and riches, others wanted to spread their religion of Christianity and diminish Muslim influence.
What brought about the change in Europe ? New Equipment New Equipment Advances in Navigational equipment and sailing ships made long voyages possible.
Prince Henry the Navigator Prince Henry the Navigator was a Portuguese Prince and naval commander who founded a school of navigation for sailors in 1450, paid for expeditions to the west coast of Africa, and employed mapmakers to create detailed maps of new explorations. He also developed a small light sailing ship called a Caravel that could use triangular sails known as lateen for use along the coast or square sails for the open ocean.
Get your paper ready for an open note quiz. Get your paper ready for an open note quiz. 1-5 matching 4 bonus questions 4 bonus questions
Match the reason for exploration with the correct description. 1) New Equipmenta. spirit of curiosity about the world 2)New landb. spread religion 3)Spice tradec. made long voyages possible 4)Renaissance Movementd. motivation to find a new route to Asia 5)God, Gold, & Glorye. improved economic strength and influence
Bonus: List four accomplishments of Prince Henry the Navigator
Now lets check: 1)c 2)e 3)d 4)a 5)b Prince Henrys accomplishments: (order does not matter) Founded school of navigation Founded school of navigation Employed mapmakers to create maps Employed mapmakers to create maps Developed caravels Developed caravels Paid for expeditions Paid for expeditions
Empire Building - Portugal Portugal led the way in exploration was more interested in trade than taking over land and its people Established trading posts in important costal areas of Africa and Asia Prince Henry the Navigator – financed exploration ventures Established settlements in Brazil which provided gold and sugar to Portugal Vasco da Gama – sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the south of Africa and continued on to India. He and crew were first to reach India by sea.
Empire Building - Spain Spain conquered new lands and spread the Catholic religion. Christopher Columbus (1492) Italian Explorer sailing for Spain reached the Caribbean Islands in an effort to reach Asia by a new route. Ferdinand Magellan (1519) Portuguese explorer financed by Spain. Killed in the Philippine Islands after 18 mo. at sea getting there. Crew continued to travel around the entire world and proved the earth was round.
Empire Building - Spain Spain conquered powerful Inca and Aztec empires in what is now Peru and Mexico. They established colonies there which eventually became the largest and strongest of the colonial empires. The Spanish made a lot of money from the gold and silver they found in the Americas They also established settlements in Northern Africa to protect their trade interests and claimed the Philippines where natives had killed Magellan (1521), naming them for Spains King Philip II.
Quiz time: Portugal – number your paper 1-4 Spain – number your paper 1-5 For each question set, answer True or False
Portugal (True or False?) 1.Portugals rulers had no interest in exploration or in using the seas for trade. 2.Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama and his crew were the first Europeans to reach India by sea. 3.Brazil was colonized by Spain 4.Portugal was more interested in conquering a land and its people than in trade.
Spain (True or False) 1.Christopher Columbus stumbled up on the Caribbean Islands when he was trying to find a new route to Asia. 2.The journey of Magellan and his crew proved the earth was round. 3.The Philippine Islands were named for a Spanish queen. 4.Spains colonial empire included what is now Mexico, Peru, and the Philippine Islands. 5.Spain established a large settlement in southern Africa to protect its trade interests.
Lets Check: Portugal 1)F 2)T 3)F 4)F Spain 1) T 2) T 3) F 4) T 5) F
Empire Building - Britain The British Empire was one of the most powerful empires in world history, controlling about one-fifth of the worlds land at its peak in the early 1900s. In the 1600s to 1700s England established tobacco plantations in the Caribbean Islands and colonies along the Atlantic Coast of North America. Many colonist came to America seeking religious freedom.
Empire Building - Britain The East India Company (1600s) – chartered by England for trade to the East Indies (India and Southeast Asia) and established a colonial presence in India. India eventually came under British rule in England first explored Australia in the late 1600s and established a strong colonial presence in the 1700s (after the American colonies became independent).
Empire Building - Britain Mercantilism – one of the major reasons England established colonies. Mercantilism is an economic policy where the colonies helped the mother country by providing valuable natural resources and a market for goods produced in the mother country. This system required strict controls leading the rebellion of the American colonies in the 1700s
Empire Building - France Samuel de Champlain brought French settlements to North America when he founded the colony of Quebec as a trading post in The French then moved down the Mississippi River and claimed the central part of what is now the U.S. By 18 th century, France controlled Canada, Louisiana, several islands in the Caribbean, and some outposts in India and the West Coast of Africa. They were interested in spreading their religion to the lands they colonized.
European Exploration – slave trade European countries took blacks from West Africa and brought them to the New World to work the land and replace many indigenous people who had died of disease brought by Europeans. An estimated 12 million Africans were forced into slavery from about
Exploration – Slave trade Most of the Africans taken were men age What are some of the effects this would have on African families and villages? loss of male leadership loss of fathers to head households loss of fathers providing income for families
Quick Quiz Write these words at the top of your paper: (spelling counts) May use more than once. IndiaCaribbean LouisianaAtlantic AustraliaEast India mercantilismQuebec Number your paper 1-7
1)England established colonies in the Islands and coast of North America. the Islands and coast of North America. 2)The Company established trade between England and India and Southeast Asia 3) became officially ruled by Britain in )_______ an economic policy where colonies exist to increase the wealth of the mother country. 5)_______ became more important to Britain after losing the American colonies. 6)Samuel de Champlain founded a trading post at in )France called their territory in central North America.
1)England 1)England established colonies in the the Caribbean Caribbean Islands and Atlantic coast of North America. 2)The East East India India Company established trade between England and India and Southeast Asia 3) became officially ruled by Britain in ) Mercantilism Mercantilism is an economic policy where colonies exist to increase the wealth of the mother country. 5)Australia became more important to Britain after losing the American colonies. 6)Samuel de Champlain founded a trading post at Quebec Quebec in )France called their territory in central North America Louisiana.